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      Scheduling of grid-tied battery energy storage system participating in frequency response services and energy arbitrage

      research-article
      , , ,
      IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
      The Institution of Engineering and Technology
      power markets, pricing, power generation control, battery management systems, power grids, energy storage, power transmission reliability, battery storage plants, frequency response, secondary cells, power generation economics, grid-tied battery energy storage system, frequency response services, battery energy storage systems, smooth power fluctuations, voltage, power feeder, National Grid Electricity Transmission, primary electricity transmission network operator, real-time response, deviations, grid frequency, charge/discharge power output, requisite service specifications, historical UK electricity prices, balancing service scheduling approach, energy arbitrage revenue, balancing services, nondynamic firm frequency response, enhanced frequency response, service availability payments, yearly arbitrage revenue, grid-tied 2 MW/1 MWh BESS, power 2.0 MW, energy 1.0 MWh

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          Abstract

          Battery energy storage systems (BESSs) are widely used to smooth power fluctuations and maintain the voltage and frequency of the power feeder at a desired level. The National Grid Electricity Transmission (NGET), the primary electricity transmission network operator in the UK, has introduced various frequency response services that are designed to provide a real-time response to deviations in the grid frequency. In this study, a control algorithm is developed which generates a charge/discharge power output with respect to deviations in the grid frequency and the requisite service specifications. Using historical UK electricity prices, a new balancing service scheduling approach has also been developed to maximise energy arbitrage revenue by layering different types of balancing services throughout the day. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm delivers both dynamic and non-dynamic firm frequency response and also an enhanced frequency response to NGET specifications while generating arbitrage revenue as well as service availability payments in the balancing market. A comparative study is also presented to compare the yearly arbitrage revenue obtained from the work presented in this study and a previous reference study. Finally,, experimental results of a grid-tied 2 MW/1 MWh BESS have been used for verification purposes.

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          Most cited references23

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          Progress in electrical energy storage system: A critical review

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            Estimating the value of electricity storage in PJM: Arbitrage and some welfare effects

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              Frequency Control and Wind Turbine Technologies

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                IET-GTD
                IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
                IET Gener. Transm. Distrib.
                The Institution of Engineering and Technology
                1751-8687
                1751-8695
                25 February 2019
                26 June 2019
                23 July 2019
                : 13
                : 14
                : 2930-2941
                Affiliations
                Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Sheffield , Sheffield, S1 4DE, UK
                Article
                IET-GTD.2018.6690 GTD.2018.6690.R1
                10.1049/iet-gtd.2018.6690
                586190d6-caa8-47c1-923f-f4461e2ce7f4
                © The Institution of Engineering and Technology
                Page count
                Pages: 0
                Product
                Self URI (journal page): https://digital-library.theiet.org/content/journals/
                Funding
                Funded by: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
                Award ID: EP/N032888/1
                Categories
                Research Article

                Computer science,Engineering,Artificial intelligence,Electrical engineering,Mechanical engineering,Renewable energy
                nondynamic firm frequency response,battery management systems,energy storage,energy arbitrage revenue,deviations,grid-tied battery energy storage system,real-time response,voltage,grid frequency,charge/discharge power output,power grids,power generation economics,historical UK electricity prices,energy 1.0 MWh,service availability payments,power 2.0 MW,grid-tied 2 MW/1 MWh BESS,enhanced frequency response,pricing,power generation control,balancing services,secondary cells,balancing service scheduling approach,battery energy storage systems,National Grid Electricity Transmission,primary electricity transmission network operator,battery storage plants,power transmission reliability,frequency response,power markets,requisite service specifications,frequency response services,yearly arbitrage revenue,smooth power fluctuations,power feeder

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