1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection and variables associated with seropositivity in donkeys in eastern China Translated title: Séroprévalence de l’infection à Toxoplasma gondii et variables associées à la séropositivité chez les ânes dans l’est de la Chine

      1 , 2 , 3 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 3 , *

      Parasite

      EDP Sciences

      Toxoplasma gondii, donkeys, seroprevalence, eastern China

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Donkeys ( Equus asinus) are widely distributed throughout China; they are used for their meat, as food, and certain donkey-derived items are also important for traditional Chinese medicinal purposes. However, only limited information is available on Toxoplasma gondii infection in donkeys in China, especially the eastern region, which is one of the largest production areas. Thus, the present study was conducted to detect specific anti- T. gondii antibodies using a commercially available indirect hemagglutination test (IHA) kit and to evaluate the risk factors that are associated with seroprevalence in the Shandong province of eastern China. A total of 213/1278 (17%) donkeys tested from Shandong province were positive for T. gondii antibodies. Statistical analysis revealed that gender and feeding habits of the animal are associated with T. gondii infection. These results provide information for the prevention and control of toxoplasmosis in donkeys, other animals, and humans in this region and elsewhere.

          Translated abstract

          Les ânes ( Equus asinus) sont largement répandus dans toute la Chine ; ils sont utilisés pour leur viande et certains éléments dérivés des ânes sont aussi importants pour la médecine traditionnelle chinoise. Cependant, seules des informations limitées sont disponibles sur l’infection à Toxoplasma gondii chez les ânes en Chine, en particulier dans la région orientale, qui est l’une des plus grandes zones de production. Ainsi, la présente étude a été menée pour détecter des anticorps spécifiques anti- T. gondii à l’aide d’un kit de test d’hémagglutination indirecte (IHA) commercial et évaluer les facteurs de risque associés à la séroprévalence dans la province du Shandong, dans l’est de la Chine. Un total de 213/1278 (17 %) ânes de la province du Shandong étaient positifs pour les anticorps anti- T. gondii. L’analyse statistique a révélé que le sexe et les habitudes alimentaires de l’animal sont associés à l’infection à T. gondii. Ces résultats fournissent des informations pour la prévention et le contrôle de la toxoplasmose chez les ânes, les autres animaux et les humains dans cette région et ailleurs.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 17

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          A brief history and overview of Toxoplasma gondii.

           Kim Innes (2010)
          Toxoplasma gondii was discovered by scientists working in North Africa and Brazil around 100 years ago. The parasite has since been found to be capable of infecting all warm-blooded animals including humans making it one of the most successful parasitic organisms worldwide. The pathogenic potential of T. gondii was recognized in the 1920s and 1930s, in congenitally infected children presenting with the classic triad of symptoms, namely hydrocephalus, retinochoroiditis and encephalitis. In addition, around the same time T. gondii parasites were found to be associated with severe intraocular inflammation. In the 1980s, T. gondii emerged as a major cause of death in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, illustrating the importance of the immune system in controlling T. gondii infection. T. gondii was reported as a major cause of abortion in sheep in New Zealand in the 1950s, which raised questions about potential new transmission routes for the parasite. The discovery of the cat as the definitive host in the 1960s was a very important finding as it helped to complete our understanding of the parasite's life cycle, and the oocyst stage of T. gondii shed in the faeces of infected cats was found to be an important source of infection for many intermediate hosts and helped to explain infection in herbivorous animals and people with a vegetarian diet. In addition, this stage of the parasite was very robust and could survive in the environment, depending on the climatic conditions, for up to 12-18 months. Knowledge of the parasite's life cycle, transmission routes, risk groups and host immune responses has helped in the development of strategies to control the disease, reduce transmission of the parasite and limit environmental contamination.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: found
            Is Open Access

            Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in horses and donkeys in Yunnan Province, Southwestern China

            Background Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite that infects almost all warm-blooded animals, including humans, with a worldwide distribution. There have been limited reports about the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in equids around the world and little is known about the seroprevalence of T. gondii in equids in southwestern China, in particular in Yunnan Province. The objective of the present investigation was to estimate the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in equids in this area. Methods A total of 399 serum samples (266 from horses and 133 from donkeys) were collected in 2012, and assayed for T. gondii antibodies by Indirect Haemagglutination (IHA) test using a commercially available kit. Results A total of 108 (27.1%) equids, including 81 (30.5%) horses and 27 (20.3%) donkeys were positive for T. gondii antibodies, and the seroprevalence ranged from 18.8% to 37.5% among different sampling areas. The seroprevalence was 27.4% and 26.8% for male and female equids, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The seroprevalence ranged from 21% to 32.9% among different age groups, and the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Conclusions The results of the present survey indicated the existence of high T. gondii seroprevalence in Yunnan Province, southwestern China, which has significant public health concern. Therefore, it is imperative that improved integrated measures be carried out to prevent and control T. gondii infection in equids in the studied region.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Prevalence and predictors of Toxoplasma seropositivity in women with and at risk for human immunodeficiency virus infection.

              We assessed the prevalence and predictors of latent Toxoplasma infection in a large group of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and HIV-uninfected at-risk US women. The prevalence of latent Toxoplasma infection was 15% (380 of 2525 persons) and did not differ by HIV infection status. HIV-infected women aged > or =50 years and those born outside of the United States were more likely to have latent Toxoplasma infection, with prevalences of 32% and 41%, respectively.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                Parasite
                Parasite
                parasite
                Parasite
                EDP Sciences
                1252-607X
                1776-1042
                2018
                11 December 2018
                : 25
                : ( publisher-idID: parasite/2018/01 )
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Engineering Research Centre of Chinese Ministry of Education for Edible and Medicinal Fungi, Jilin Agricultural University Changchun 130118 PR China
                [2 ] Inspection and Quarantine Technology Center of Jilin Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau Changchun Jilin Province 130062 PR China
                [3 ] College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agricultural University Changchun Jilin Province 130118 PR China
                [4 ] Marine College, Shandong University at Weihai Weihai Shandong Province 264209 PR China
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: sxf1997@ 123456163.com
                Article
                parasite180142 10.1051/parasite/2018066
                10.1051/parasite/2018066
                6289070
                30526821
                © Q.-F. Meng et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2018

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 2, Equations: 0, References: 21, Pages: 4
                Categories
                Short Note

                toxoplasma gondii, donkeys, seroprevalence, eastern china

                Comments

                Comment on this article