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      Kinetics of Alpha-Adrenoreceptor Blockade by Phentolamine in the Normal and Denervated Rabbit Aorta and Rat Vas Deferens

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          Abstract

          The rates of onset and offset of α-adrenoreceptor blockade by phentolamine (5 × 10<sup>-7</sup> M) have been studied on the normal and denervated rabbit aorta and rat vas deferens. Removal of the adventitia with its accompanying sympathetic nerve component results in an approximately threefold increase in the rate of onset of α-adrenoreceptor blockade by phentolamine in the rabbit aorta. The rate of offset of blockade by the antagonist on the aorta is likewise faster after the adventitia has been removed (approximately threefold faster for loss of 90% of the antagonist from the region of the receptors). This effect is not likely to be attributed to the absence of sympathetic nerve terminals since surgical denervation of the rat vas deferens has no effect on the kinetics of receptor blockade in this densely innervated organ. These data suggest that the adventitia of the rabbit aorta may serve as a diffusion barrier which limits the antagonist’s access to, and efflux from, the region of the receptors. The dissociation constant of phentolamine (calculated from the equilibrium dose ratio) on the α-adrenoreceptor is unaltered by denervation in either tissue and is identical in both tissues. It is suggested that α-adrenoreceptors in the rabbit aorta and rat vas deferens are of a single type and are not significantly affected, with respect to antagonist affinity, by denervation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1979
          1979
          19 September 2008
          : 16
          : 3
          : 135-143
          Affiliations
          Division of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
          Article
          158200 Blood Vessels 1979;16:135–143
          10.1159/000158200
          © 1979 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Original Paper

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