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An innovation in child health: Globally reaching out to child health professionals

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Worldwide deaths of children younger than 5 years reduced from 12.7 million in 1990 to 6.3 million in 2013. Much of this decline is attributed to an increase in the knowledge, skills, and abilities of child health professionals. In turn this increase in knowledge, skills, and abilities has been brought about by increased child-health-focused education available to child health professionals. Therefore child-health-focused education must be part of the strategy to eliminate the remaining 6.3 million deaths and to achieve the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. This article describes a child-health-focused program that was established in 1992 and operates in 20 countries: Australia, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cambodia, China, Ethiopia, Hong Kong, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mongolia, Myanmar, Sierra Leone, the Seychelles, the Solomon Islands, Tanzania, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe. The Diploma in Child Health/International Postgraduate Paediatric Certificate (DCH/IPPC) course provides a comprehensive overview of evidence-based current best practice in pediatrics. This includes all subspecialty areas from infectious diseases and emergency medicine through to endocrinology, respiratory medicine, neurology, nutrition, and dietetics. Content is developed and presented by international medical experts in response to global child health needs. Content is provided to students via a combination of learning outcomes, webcasts, lecture notes, personalized study, tutorials, case studies, and clinical practice. One hundred eleven webcasts are provided, and these are updated annually. This article includes a brief discussion of the value and focus of medical education programs; a description of the DCH/IPPC course content, approaches to teaching and learning, course structure and the funding model; the most recent evaluation of the DCH/IPPC course; and recommendations for overcoming the challenges for implementing a multinational child-health-focused program.

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Determinants of health of North-American adolescents: evolving definitions, recent findings, and proposed research agenda.

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The recent literature on the determinants of adolescent health is reviewed. Four definitions of adolescent health are presented: successful transition to adulthood, successful coping, lack of mortality and morbidity, and healthy behaviors and risk avoidance. The review of determinants of health is presented within a framework focused upon adolescent characteristics, aspects of adolescents' immediate environments, and adolescents' ongoing activities and aspirations. An expanded framework which considers societal and structural factors and adolescent health is considered and a proposed research agenda presented.
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Providing outreach continuing education in countries with limited resources.

K Wilkins (2008)
Obtaining continuing education can be difficult in countries with limited resources. Members of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) have developed a program for providing outreach continuing education courses in pediatric orthopaedics. POSNA members provide their own transportation to the host country, while the orthopaedic physicians along with the educational institutions in the host country in turn provide the support needed to carry out the courses. They also provide lodging, meals, and local transportation. Since its inception in 1998, 30 courses have been conducted in 19 countries with limited resources. The program has expanded to develop a partnership with the European Pediatric Orthopaedic Society. The protocol for organizing the courses is discussed.

Author and article information

1School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, WA, Australia
2Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Sydney, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, NSW, Australia
3Hong Kong College of Family Physicians, Aberdeen, Hong Kong, China
4Department of Genetics, Immunology, Biochemistry and Nutrition, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Aundh Civil Hospital, Sanghavi Phata, Aundh Pune, India
Author notes
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Russell Jones, PhD, Professor of Clinical Education, School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup Drive, Joondalup, WA 6027, Australia and Chair DCH/IPPC Education Advisory Group, Tel.: +61-447-997858, E-mail:
Family Medicine and Community Health
Family Medicine and Community Health & American Chinese Medical Education Association (USA)
July 2016
August 2016
: 4
: 3
: 35-44
Copyright © 2016 Family Medicine and Community Health

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See

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