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      Development of Functional I f Channels in mMSCs after Transfection with mHCN4: Effects on Cell Morphology and Mechanical Activity in vitro

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          Abstract

          Objective: To study the functional properties of I<sub>f</sub> channels and the changes in mechanical activity of mouse mesenchymal stem cells (mMSCs) transfected with mHCN4. Methods: mMSCs were purified by using CD11b-immunomagnetic microbeads and transfected with pMSCV-mHCN4-EGFP or pMSCV-EGFP. We examined the kinetic characteristics of the mHCN4 channel. The morphological changes of positively transfected mMSCs were investigated at the same time. Results: The I<sub>f</sub> current recorded from the experimental group was sensitive to extracellular Cs<sup>+</sup> (–44.5 ± 4.2 vs. –5.5 ± 1.0 pA/pF, p < 0.001). The half-maximal activation was –99.0 ± 5.8 mV. The time constant of activation was 451 ± 61 ms under –140 mV. The control cells did not show the current under the same conditions. The absolute values of half-maximal activation decreased in the presence of cAMP or cGMP in the experimental group (–78.6 ± 10.4 and –85.7 ± 8.6 vs. –99.0 ± 5.8 mV, respectively, p < 0.05). mMSCs transfected with pMSCV-mHCN4-EGFP could form spontaneous beating cells. Extracellular Cs<sup>+</sup> decreased the beating rate significantly (196 ± 50 vs. 66 ± 23 bmp, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Functional I<sub>f</sub> channels can be reconstructed in mMSCs infected with mHCN4. mMSCs modified by successful transfection with mHCN4 can differentiate so as to develop spontaneous mechanical activity.

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          Most cited references 21

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          How does adrenaline accelerate the heart?

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            Molecular diversity of pacemaker ion channels.

            Ionic currents activated by hyperpolarization and regulated by cyclic nucleotides were first discovered more than 20 years ago. Recently the molecular identity of the underlying channels has been unveiled. The structural features of the protein sequences are discussed and related to the mechanisms of activation, selectivity for cyclic nucleotides, and ion permeation. Coverage includes a comparison of the biophysical properties of recombinant and native channels and their significance for the physiological functions of these channels.
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              In vivo contribution of murine mesenchymal stem cells into multiple cell-types under minimal damage conditions.

              Murine mesenchymal stem cells are capable of differentiating in vitro into different lineages under stimulation with certain cytokines, growth factors and chemicals. However, the true capacity of these cells to contribute to different cell-types in vivo is still unclear, especially under minimal injury conditions. In this study, we describe a method of purifying murine mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow and efficiently transducing them using a lentivirus vector expressing the eGFP reporter gene. Lentivirus-transduced mesenchymal stem cells retained their in vitro ability to differentiate into adipocytes, osteocytes and chondrocytes as well as into myocyte- and astrocyte-like cells. eGFP-mesenchymal stem cells were delivered systemically into minimally injured syngeneic mice. Tracking and tissue-specific differentiation were determined by PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. We found donor-derived hepatocytes, lung epithelial cells, myofibroblasts, myofibers and renal tubular cells in some of the recipient mice. Our data indicate that even in the absence of substantial injury, phenotypically defined murine mesenchymal stem cells could acquire tissue specific morphology and antigen expression and thus contribute to different tissue cell-types in vivo.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2009
                December 2008
                01 July 2008
                : 112
                : 2
                : 114-121
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Cardiology, Southwest Hospital, bInstitute of Immunology, PLA, and cDepartment of Pharmacology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China
                Article
                141919 Cardiology 2009;112:114–121
                10.1159/000141919
                18594141
                © 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, References: 29, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Original Research

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