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      Computational Modeling of Channelrhodopsin-2 Photocurrent Characteristics in Relation to Neural Signaling

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          Abstract

          Channelrhodopsins-2 (ChR2) are a class of light sensitive proteins that offer the ability to use light stimulation to regulate neural activity with millisecond precision. In order to address the limitations in the efficacy of the wild-type ChR2 (ChRwt) to achieve this objective, new variants of ChR2 that exhibit fast mono-exponential photocurrent decay characteristics have been recently developed and validated. In this paper, we investigate whether the framework of transition rate model with 4 states, primarily developed to mimic the bi-exponential photocurrent decay kinetics of ChRwt, as opposed to the low complexity 3 state model, is warranted to mimic the mono-exponential photocurrent decay kinetics of the newly developed fast ChR2 variants: ChETA (Gunaydin et al., Nature Neurosci, 13:387-392, 2010) and ChRET/TC (Berndt et al., PNAS, 108:7595-7600, 2011). We begin by estimating the parameters for the 3-state and 4-state models from experimental data on the photocurrent kinetics of ChRwt, ChETA and ChRET/TC. We then incorporate these models into a fast-spiking interneuron model (Wang and Buzsaki., J Neurosci, 16:6402-6413,1996) and a hippocampal pyramidal cell model (Golomb et al., J Neurophysiol, 96:1912-1926, 2006) and investigate the extent to which the experimentally observed neural response to various optostimulation protocols can be captured by these models. We demonstrate that for all ChR2 variants investigated, the 4 state model implementation is better able to capture neural response consistent with experiments across wide range of optostimulation protocol. We conclude by analytically investigating the conditions under which the characteristic specific to the 3-state model, namely the mono-exponential photocurrent decay of the newly developed variants of ChR2, can occurs in the framework of the 4-state model.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          2013-04-20
          Article
          1304.5635
          e82bb1e1-46e6-4f19-a9f1-5fee3531f148

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

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          10 figures
          q-bio.NC

          Neurosciences
          Neurosciences

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