20 March 2018
Two new sesquiterpenes, trivially named ricinusoids A ( 1) and ricinusoids B ( 2), were isolated from ethyl acetate fraction of Ricinus communis. The structures of new compounds were elucidated by detailed spectroscopic techniques, including 1D- and 2D-NMR, UV, IR spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. The compounds ( 1–2) were also assessed for in-vivo sedative and analgesic like effects in open field and acetic acid induced writhing tests respectively at 5, 10, and 20 mg·kg −1 i.p. Pretreatment of both test compounds caused significant ( P ≤ 0.05) reduction in locomotive activity like sedative agents and abdominal constrictions like analgesics. Both compounds ( 1–2) possessed marked sedative and antinociceptive effects in animal models.