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Effects of psycho-scene-drama on empathic ability of patients with chronic schizophrenia

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      Abstract

      Objective: The purpose of the current study was to determine the effects of psycho-scene drama on the empathic ability of patients with chronic schizophrenia.

      Methods: One hundred sixteen in-patients with chronic schizophrenia were randomly divided into study and control groups (n=58 cases each). The original anti-psychotic drugs were not changed in either group. In the study group, the therapy was combined with psychological scene drama with a treatment course of 3 months. Before and after treatment, the interpersonal reaction index scale (Chinese version [IRI-C]), negative syndrome scale (SANS), social function assessment scale for patients with mental diseases (SSPI), Rosenberg self-esteem scale (SES), the emotional-social loneliness inventory (ESLI), and the Texas social behavior inventory (TSBI) were utilized for measurements.

      Results: A comparison of the IRI-C total, PT, FS, and EC factor scores before and after treatment in the study group was significantly different (P<0.01); the PD factor score before and after treatment was not statistically significant (P>0.05). A comparison of the IRI-C total score and each factor score before and after treatment in the control group was not significantly different (P>0.05). A comparison of the IRI-C total, PT, and EC factor scores between the study and control groups after treatment was significantly different (P<0.05). A comparison of the FS factor score between the study and control groups before and after treatment was significantly different (P<0.01); the PD factor score was not significantly different (P>0.05). A comparison of the SANS total, SSPI total, SES total, and ESLI total scores between the two groups after treatment was significantly different (P<0.05).

      Conclusion: The psycho-scene drama can improve the empathic ability of patients with chronic schizophrenia, improve the negative symptoms and social function, increase the selfesteem and self-confidence, and reduce the loneliness in social interactions.

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      Most cited references 10

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      Empathy a social psychological approach

       MH Davis,  M. DAVIS,  M. Davis (1996)
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        Psychodrama and psycho-scene-drama

         HY Shi (2006)
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          Control study on the psychodrama therapy in improving the self-esteem levels of schizophrenia patients

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            1Rongjun Hospital of Hebei Province, Baoding 071000, Hebei, China
            Author notes
            CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Hongmei Tian, No. 2396, Lianchinan Street, Baoding 071000, Hebei, China, E-mail:dongtiandemei2001@123456163.com
            Journal
            FMCH
            Family Medicine and Community Health
            FMCH
            Family Medicine and Community Health & American Chinese Medical Education Association (USA)
            xxx-xxx
            2305-6983
            December 2014
            December 2014
            : 2
            : 4
            : 53-58
            fmch20140131
            10.15212/FMCH.2014.0131
            Copyright © 2014 Family Medicine and Community Health

            This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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            Self URI (journal page): http://fmch-journal.org/
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