0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Effects of Cloricromene on Ischemia-Reperfusion Myocardial Damage in the Rabbit

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Cloricromene, a compound with several biological activities which suggest a therapeutic role in thrombosis or ischemic disease, has been studied for its effects on the extension of myocardial damage and the production of oxygen free radicals during periods of ischemia and reperfusion. In twenty rabbits the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded and cloricromene (3.6 µg /kg /min; n = 10) or placebo (n = 10) were continuously infused. After 50 min the artery was reopened and after 20 min of reperfusion a biopsy was obtained from the anterior wall of the heart in the LAD area and from the posterior wall (control myocardium) prior to sacrifice. Both samples were used for chemiluminescence measurement (free-radical production) and ultrastructural studies. In the placebo group all rabbits showed ST-segment changes during ischemia and reperfusion arrhythmias, while in the cloricromene group there were transient ST elevations in 4 animals which reverted at higher infusion rates of the drug. The chemiluminescence values were 18,017 ± 1,956 and 8,583 ± 918 cpm/mg protein (p < 0.001) in the anterior and posterior walls of the left ventricle, respectively, for the placebo group, and 7,767 ± 992 and 8,333 ± 832 cpm/mg protein (NS), respectively, for the cloricromene group. The ratio between the anterior and posterior wall was 2.27 ± 0.37 for the placebo group versus 0.95 ± 0.11 for the cloricromene group (p < 0.001). In ultrastructural studies, the anterior wall in the placebo group showed irreversible myocyte injury and infarction as well as mitochondrial damage. Samples from the cloricromene-treated group showed, in general, preservation of myocyte architecture or minor signs of injury. These results illustrate clearly the protective effect of cloricromene during damage induced by ischemia and reperfusion in the rabbit.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1992
          1992
          14 November 2008
          : 81
          : 2-3
          : 89-99
          Affiliations
          Cardiopsis, Section of Experimental Medicine, Hospital Fernàndez and Department of Biological Chemistry, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina; Fidia Research Laboratoires, Abano Terme, Italy
          Article
          175782 Cardiology 1992;81:89–99
          10.1159/000175782
          1286483
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          General Cardiology, Basic Research

          Comments

          Comment on this article