We present a man who was diagnosed with coarctation of the aorta (CA) at the age of 76. He had developed an extensive collateral circulation for maintaining the circulation below the CA. This compensatory mechanism was highly effective, since the patient had remained asymptomatic and in good health during most of his life. He died from intrahospitalary pneumonia, unrelated to CA. Long-term survival in patients with untreated CA is exceptional, with only 11 patients living into their 70s being previously reported. A review of these cases is included.