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      Two ways of encoding location in Greek: Locative applicatives and prepositions

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          Abstract

          Cross-linguistically, oblique theta roles such as location can be encoded by both adpositions and applicative morphemes. In this paper we argue that Standard Modern Greek (SMG), a language that encodes location primarily with prepositions, has a set of morphologically complex predicates that consist of an intransitive verbal root and a locative prefix, and behave like locative applicative constructions. We argue that this prefix is a low applicative head, licensing the addition of a LOCATIVE DP argument to the intransitive verbal root. Specifically, this applicative head: (i) case-and theta-licenses the added argument, but being void of phi-features, it blocks its cliticization; (ii) is distinct from a homophonous free standing P semantically and syntactically; (iii) is undergoing grammaticalization, as evidenced by the emergence of a novel configuration, in which the locative predicates combine with locative PPs that retrieve semantic and syntactic information of the locative prefix. Our findings show that applicatives may come in various flavors, that a language may use both analytic and synthetic devices to encode location which are not derivationally related, and that lexical/inherent case does not necessarily reduce to a PP structure.

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          Most cited references55

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          Incorporation: A theory of grammatical function changing

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            Introducing Arguments

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              Agreement and Head Movement

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                2397-1835
                Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
                Ubiquity Press
                2397-1835
                20 July 2016
                : 1
                : 1
                : 18
                Affiliations
                [-1]University of Alberta, 4-61 Assiniboia Hall, Edmonton, CA
                [-2]University of Cambridge, Sidgwick Avenue, Cambridge, GB
                Article
                10.5334/gjgl.74
                59a93941-a20c-42e9-9f52-e8a4e2b14986
                Copyright: © 2016 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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                Research

                General linguistics,Linguistics & Semiotics
                grammaticalization,adpositions,lexical case,locative predicates,Standard Modern Greek,applicatives

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