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      Culture and the assumptions about appearance and reality: a scientometric look at a century of research

      systematic-review

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          Abstract

          Introduction

          People represent the world in terms of two constructs: how something appears on the surface (appearance) and what it is underneath that surface (reality). Both constructs are central to various bodies of literature. What has not been done, however, is a systematic look at this collection of literature for overarching themes. Motivated by this research gap, the present scientometric review aimed to identify the common themes that penetrate through a century of scholarly work on appearance and reality. In doing so, this review also sketched a scientometric outline of the international network, pinpointing where the work was carried out.

          Methods

          With CiteSpace software, we computed an optimized document co-citation analysis with a sample of 4,771 documents (1929–2022), resulting in a network of 1,785 nodes.

          Results and discussion

          We identified impactful publications, summarized major intellectual movements, and identified five thematic clusters (“Perception of Counseling Services”, “Appearance and Reality in Sociocultural Evolution,” “Cultural Heritage and Identity,” “Media and Culture,” and “Cultural Identity”), all with theoretical and pragmatic implications which we discuss. A deeper look at these clusters reveals new empirical questions and promising directions for future research.

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          Most cited references121

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          Silhouettes: A graphical aid to the interpretation and validation of cluster analysis

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            bibliometrix : An R-tool for comprehensive science mapping analysis

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              Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation.

              Psychological Review, 98(2), 224-253
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1664-1078
                15 September 2023
                2023
                : 14
                : 1140298
                Affiliations
                [1] 1Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento , Rovereto, Italy
                [2] 2School of Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University , Singapore, Singapore
                Author notes

                Edited by: Seth Oppong, University of Botswana, Botswana

                Reviewed by: Zhizi Wei, Zhejiang Normal University, China; Keshav Singh Rawat, Central University of Haryana, India

                *Correspondence: Albert Lee, albertlee@ 123456ntu.edu.sg
                Article
                10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1140298
                10540209
                37780171
                59ede166-7388-46f1-919e-5f111e8a6496
                Copyright © 2023 Carollo, Stanzione, Fong, Gabrieli, Lee and Esposito.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                History
                : 08 January 2023
                : 28 August 2023
                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 2, Equations: 0, References: 121, Pages: 10, Words: 8429
                Funding
                This research was supported by the Ministry of Education, Singapore, under its Academic Research Fund (AcRF) Tier grants RG61/19 and RG46/20 to AL.
                Categories
                Psychology
                Systematic Review
                Custom metadata
                Cultural Psychology

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                scientometric,systematic review,appearance,reality,appearance vs. reality,document co-citation,citespace

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