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      Dactylogyridae (Monogenoidea, Polyonchoinea) from the gills of Auchenipterus nuchalis (Siluriformes, Auchenipteridae) from the Tocantins River, Brazil Translated title: Dactylogyridae (Monogenoidea, Polyonchoinea) des branchies d’ Auchenipterus nuchalis (Siluriformes, Auchenipteridae) de la rivière Tocantins au Brésil

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      Parasite

      EDP Sciences

      Catfish, Cosmetocleithrum, Demidospermus, Monogenea

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          Abstract

          Two species of Cosmetocleithrum Kritsky, Thatcher & Boeger, 1986 (both new) and two species of Demidospermus Suriano, 1983 (one new) are reported from the gills of the catfish Auchenipterus nuchalis, popularly known as “mapará”, from the Tocantins River and tributaries, North Region of Brazil. Cosmetocleithrum berecae n. sp. differs from all other species presently known in the genus by the morphology of the anchors presenting an elongate shaft and short recurved point, a coiled male copulatory organ (MCO) with three rings, and an elongate slender accessory piece with a bifurcated distal end. Cosmetocleithrum nunani n. sp. differs from its congeners by the combination of the following features: (1) Ventral and dorsal anchors with moderately long curved shaft and short point; (2) Hooks with poorly developed thumb; (3) Hook pairs 5 and 6 similar to each other, but morphologically distinct from remaining hook pairs; and (4) MCO coiled, with approximately 1.5 rings. Demidospermus tocantinensis n. sp. is easily distinguished from other species of the genus by presenting an inverted-G-shaped MCO with a median knee-like expansion. Demidospermus osteomystax Tavernari, Takemoto, Lacerda & Pavanelli, 2010 is redescribed based on paratypes and specimens from the gills of A. nuchalis from the Tocantins River, a new host and locality records for this species. The monotypic Paracosmetocleithrum Acosta, Scholz, Blasco-Costa, Alves & Silva, 2017, the only other Neotropical genus reported in siluriforms besides Cosmetocleithrum with species presenting two ribbon-like projections on the posterior margin of the dorsal bar, is considered a junior subjective synonym of Cosmetocleithrum.

          Translated abstract

          Deux espèces de Cosmetocleithrum Kritsky, Thatcher et Boeger, 1986 (toutes deux nouvelles) et deux espèces de Demidospermus Suriano, 1983 (une nouvelle) sont signalées des branchies du poisson-chat Auchenipterus nuchalis, communément appelé « mapará », de la rivière Tocantins et affluents, Région Nord du Brésil. Cosmetocleithrum berecae n. sp. diffère de toutes les autres espèces actuellement connues dans le genre par la morphologie des anchors présentant un manche allongé et une pointe recourbée courte, un organe copulateur mâle (OCM) enroulé avec trois anneaux et une pièce accessoire allongée et mince avec une extrémité distale bifurquée. Cosmetocleithrum nunani n. sp. diffère de ses congénères par la combinaison des caractéristiques suivantes : (1) Anchors ventrales et dorsales avec tige incurvée modérément longue et pointe courte ; (2) Crochets avec pouce peu développé ; (3) Paires de crochets 5 et 6 similaires les unes aux autres, mais morphologiquement distinctes des paires de crochets restantes ; (4) OCM enroulé, avec environ 1,5 anneaux. Demidospermus tocantinensis n. sp. se distingue facilement des autres espèces du genre par un OCM en forme de G inversé avec une expansion médiane du genou. Demidospermus osteomystax Tavernari, Takemoto, Lacerda & Pavanelli, 2010 est redécrit sur la base de paratypes et de spécimens des branchies d’ A. nuchalis de la rivière Tocantins, et représente un hôte nouveau et une localité nouvelle pour cette espèce. Le genre monotypique Paracosmetocleithrum Acosta, Scholz, Blasco-Costa, Alves & Silva, 2017, le seul autre genre néotropical signalé chez les Siluriformes en dehors de Cosmetocleithrum, avec des espèces présentant deux projections en forme de ruban sur la marge postérieure de la barre dorsale, est considéré comme synonyme subjectif junior de Cosmetocleithrum.

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          Most cited references 41

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          RECONSTRUCTING CHARACTER EVOLUTION ON POLYTOMOUS CLADOGRAMS

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            New Species of Trematodes from the Gills of Illinois Fishes

             John Mizelle (1936)
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              Coevolution of the Monogenoidea (Platyhelminthes) based on a revised hypothesis of parasite phylogeny.

              A revised hypothesis for the phylogeny of the Subclass Polyonchoinea (Monogenoidea) was constructed employing phylogenetic systematics. The Acanthocotylidae (formerly of the Order Capsalidea) is transferred to the Order Gyrodactylidea based on this analysis. The new phylogeny is used to determine coevolutionary relationships of the familial taxa of Monogenoidea with their hosts. The coevolutionary analysis suggests that the Monogenoidea apparently underwent sympatric speciation or dispersal while parasitic on ancestral Gnathostomata, resulting in two primary clades: the Polyonchoinea and the Oligonchoinea + Polystomatoinea. The two parasite clades apparently cospeciated independently with divergence of the Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes. In the Polyonchoinea, the clade associated with Chondrichthyes experienced primary extinction within the Holocephala, but coevolved into the Loimoidae and Monocotylidae in the Galeomorphii and Squalea (Elasmobranchii), respectively. Within the Osteichthyes, polyonchoineans experienced primary extinction with the divergence of Sarcopterygii, Polypteriformes and Acipenseriformes. They demonstrate primary dispersal from the Neopterygii into the Squalea (as Amphibdellatinea), Actinistia (as Neodactylodiscinea) and Urodela (as Lagarocotylidea). Secondary dispersals of polyonchoineans occurred in the Gyrodactylidae to the Polypteriformes, Urodela and Anura; in the Acanthocotylidae to the Myxinoidea and Squalea; in the Capsalidae to the Acipenseriformes and Elasmobranchii; and in the Monocotylidae to the Holocephala. The Oligonchoinea and Polystomatoinea developed upon divergence of the Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes. Oligonchoineans cospeciated within the Chondrichthyes, with the Chimaericolidea developing within the Holocephala and the ancestor of the Diclybothriidea + Mazocraeidea within the Elasmobranchii. Two cases of primary dispersal occurred within this clade: the Diclybothriidae to the Acipenseriformes and the ancestor of mazocraeidean families to the Neopterygii (both Osteichthyes). Secondary dispersal within the Oligonchoinea includes host switching of the common ancestor of Callorhynchocotyle (Hexabothriidae) to the Holocephala. Polystomatoineans coevolved within the Osteichthyes, but experienced primary extinctions in the Actinopterygii, Actinistia, Dipnoi and Amniota. Coevolution of the Sphyranuridae and Polystomatidae occurred with divergence of the Urodela and Anura, respectively. Secondary dispersal of Polystomatids to the Urodela, Dipnoi and Amniota is suggested. A preliminary phylogenetic analysis of the Polystomatoinea suggests that primary extinction with secondary dispersal of polystomatids to the Dipnoi may not be necessary to explain extant parasite distributions, since Concinnocotyla (Concinnocotylinae) appears to represent the sister taxon of the remaining Polystomatidae + Sphyranuridae.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Parasite
                Parasite
                parasite
                Parasite
                EDP Sciences
                1252-607X
                1776-1042
                2020
                21 January 2020
                : 27
                : ( publisher-idID: parasite/2020/01 )
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Laboratório de Helmintos Parasitos de Peixes, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ Av. Brasil, 4365 Rio de Janeiro RJ 21045-900 Brazil
                [2 ] Biological Interactions, Universidade Federal do Paraná Curitiba PR 81531-980 Brazil
                [3 ] Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, CNPq SHIS QI 01 Brasília 71.605-001 Brazil
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: marciajusto@ 123456ioc.fiocruz.br
                Article
                parasite190128 10.1051/parasite/2020002
                10.1051/parasite/2020002
                6975207
                31967542
                © S.C. Cohen et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2020

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 5, Tables: 1, Equations: 0, References: 41, Pages: 12
                Categories
                Research Article

                monogenea, demidospermus, cosmetocleithrum, catfish

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