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      Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward :

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          Abstract

          Although stigma is considered a major barrier to effective responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, stigma reduction efforts are relegated to the bottom of AIDS programme priorities. The complexity of HIV/AIDS-related stigma is often cited as a primary reason for the limited response to this pervasive phenomenon. In this paper, we systematically review the scientific literature on HIV/AIDS-related stigma to document the current state of research, identify gaps in the available evidence and highlight promising strategies to address stigma. We focus on the following key challenges: defining, measuring and reducing HIV/AIDS-related stigma as well as assessing the impact of stigma on the effectiveness of HIV prevention and treatment programmes. Based on the literature, we conclude by offering a set of recommendations that may represent important next steps in a multifaceted response to stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AIDS
          AIDS
          Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
          0269-9370
          2008
          August 2008
          : 22
          : Suppl 2
          : S57-S65
          Article
          10.1097/01.aids.0000327438.13291.62
          2835402
          18641472
          5a0b228e-7c03-457c-a02b-a2f9bd6883d8
          © 2008
          History

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