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      QRS Prolongation Measured by a New Computerized Method: A Sensitive Marker for Detecting Exercise-Induced Ischemia

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      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Ischemia, Exercise and QRS duration

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          Abstract

          This study compared thallium stress testing and exercise changes in QRS duration using a computerized ‘optic scanner’ in three groups. Group 1 consisted of 108 subjects with positive exercise ECG tests by ST-T segment criteria and with proven coronary artery disease. Group 2 included 19 subjects with nondiagnostic exercise ECG ST-T changes and with proven coronary artery disease. Group 3 was formed by 38 healthy controls. Group 1: Mean increase in exercise QRS width of 12.4 ± 14 ms. Group 3: Mean decrease in exercise QRS width of 4.9 ± 9.3 ms(p < 0.0001). Group 2: Mean QRS prolongation of 7.8 ± 9.2 ms, which was significantly different from the controls (p < 0.0001) but not from group 1. When compared to thallium stress testing, exercise QRS prolongation had a sensitivity of 93%, specificity of 71%, relative risk of 5, and positive predictive value of 86%. QRS duration measurement can improve the diagnostic accuracy of the exercise ECG stress test.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          19 November 2008
          : 88
          : 5
          : 446-452
          Affiliations
          Exercise Testing Unit, Cardiology Division, Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
          Article
          177394 Cardiology 1997;88:446–452
          10.1159/000177394
          9286507
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Noninvasive and Diagnostic Cardiology

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