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      Usefulness of disopyramide for prevention of upright tilt-induced hypotension-bradycardia.

      The American Journal of Cardiology
      Adult, Bradycardia, prevention & control, Cardiac Pacing, Artificial, Disopyramide, therapeutic use, Electrocardiography, Female, Hemodynamics, drug effects, Humans, Hypotension, Orthostatic, Isoproterenol, diagnostic use, Male, Posture, Syncope, etiology, Time Factors

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          Susceptibility to transient hypotension-bradycardia of neurally mediated origin has been attributed in part to accentuated afferent neural traffic arising from cardiopulmonary mechanoreceptors, and consequently, may be diminished by agents with anticholinergic and negative inotropic effects, such as disopyramide phosphate. This study assessed electrocardiographic and hemodynamic responses to upright tilt testing (alone or during isoproterenol infusion) before and after disopyramide therapy in 10 patients (age range 16 to 74 years) with recurrent syncopal episodes of neurally mediated origin. Untreated, syncope occurred at less than or equal to 7 minutes of tilt alone (6 patients) or tilt plus isoproterenol at less than or equal to 3 micrograms/min (4 patients) and was associated with hypotension (mean arterial pressure, 40 +/- 16 mm Hg vs baseline 76 +/- 10 mm Hg, p less than 0.001) and inappropriate heart rate slowing (mean heart rate, 59 +/- 39 beats/min vs baseline 88 +/- 18 beats/min, p less than 0.005). After oral disopyramide 150 mg 3 times daily (mean plasma level, 3.0 +/- 0.64 micrograms/ml), all patients tolerated 10 minutes of both tilt and tilt plus isoproterenol (maximum dose, 3 micrograms/min) without symptoms, hypotension (mean arterial pressure; tilt 1 min, 79 +/- 7 mm Hg vs tilt 10 min, 77 +/- 8 mm Hg, difference not significant) or bradycardia (mean heart rate; tilt 1 min, 81 +/- 12 beats/min vs tilt 10 min, 83 +/- 11 beats/min, difference not significant). Furthermore, during subsequent 20 +/- 5 months of disopyramide therapy, all but 1 patient remain asymptomatic. Thus, oral disopyramide may be effective for preventing inducible and spontaneous neurally mediated syncope.

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