+1 Recommend
0 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Domain-Specific and Unspecific Reaction Times in Experienced Team Handball Goalkeepers and Novices

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          In our everyday environments, we are constantly having to adapt our behavior to changing conditions. Hence, processing information is a fundamental cognitive activity, especially the linking together of perceptual and action processes. In this context, expertise research in the sport domain has concentrated on arguing that superior processing performance is driven by an advantage to be found in anticipatory processes (see Williams et al., 2011, for a review). This has resulted in less attention being paid to the benefits coming from basic internal perceptual-motor processing. In general, research on reaction time (RT) indicates that practicing a RT task leads to an increase in processing speed ( Mowbray and Rhoades, 1959; Rabbitt and Banerji, 1989). Against this background, the present study examined whether the speed of internal processing is dependent on or independent from domain-specific motor expertise in unpredictable stimulus–response tasks and in a double stimulus–response paradigm. Thirty male participants (15 team handball goalkeepers and 15 novices) performed domain-unspecific simple or choice stimulus–response (CSR) tasks as well as CSR tasks that were domain-specific only for goalkeepers. As expected, results showed significantly faster RTs for goalkeepers on domain-specific tasks, whereas novices’ RTs were more frequently excessively long. However, differences between groups in the double stimulus-response paradigm were not significant. It is concluded that the reported expertise advantage might be due to recalling stored perceptual-motor representations for the domain-specific tasks, implying that experience with (practice of) a motor task explicitly enhances the internal processing of other related domain-specific tasks.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 30

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance.

            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            On the rate of gain of information

             W HICK (1952)
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Stimulus information as a determinant of reaction time.

               Ray Hyman (1953)

                Author and article information

                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                21 June 2016
                : 7
                Department of Psychology and Sport Science, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen Giessen, Germany
                Author notes

                Edited by: Frederic Boy, Swansea University, UK

                Reviewed by: Franco Delogu, Lawrence Technological University, USA; E. Leslie Cameron, Carthage College, USA

                *Correspondence: Fabian Helm, fabian.helm@ 123456sport.uni-giessen.de

                This article was submitted to Cognitive Science, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Copyright © 2016 Helm, Reiser and Munzert.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 3, Equations: 0, References: 53, Pages: 11, Words: 0
                Funded by: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft 10.13039/501100001659
                Award ID: IRTG1901
                Original Research


                Comment on this article