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Expression of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor and glucose‑dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor is regulated by the glucose concentration in mouse osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells.

International Journal of Molecular Medicine

biosynthesis, metabolism, Cell Differentiation, genetics, Cell Line, Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide, Gene Expression Regulation, Glucagon-Like Peptide 1, Glucose, Humans, Insulin, Mice, Osteoblasts, Receptors, Gastrointestinal Hormone, Receptors, Glucagon, Animals, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2

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      Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor (GIPR) and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP‑1R) are incretin receptors that play important roles in regulating insulin secretion from pancreatic β cells. Incretin receptors are also thought to play a potential role in bone metabolism. Osteoblasts in animals and humans express GIPR; however, the presence of GLP-1R in these cells has not been reported to date. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether GLP-1R and GIPR are expressed in osteoblastic cells, and whether their expression levels are regulated by the extracellular glucose concentration. Mouse osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured in medium containing normal (5.6 mM) or high (10, 20 or 30 mM) glucose concentrations, with or without bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). RT-PCR, western blot analysis and immunofluorescence were carried out to determine GIPR and GLP-1R mRNA and protein expression levels. Cell proliferation was also assessed. The GLP-1R and GIPR mRNA expression levels were higher in the MC3T3-E1 cells cultured in medium containing high glucose concentrations with BMP-2 compared with the cells cultured in medium containing normal glucose concentrations with or without BMP-2. GLP-1R protein expression increased following culture in high-glucose medium with BMP-2 compared with culture under normal glucose conditions. However, the cellular localization of GLP-1R was not affected by either glucose or BMP-2. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that the expression of GLP-1R and GIPR is regulated by glucose concentrations in MC3T3-E1 cells undergoing differentiation induced by BMP-2. Our results reveal the potential role of incretins in bone metabolism.

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