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      Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid and Dysregulation of TSH Secretion in Uremic Male Rats

      a , a , b , a , a

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      GABA, TSH, TRN, Uremia, Rats

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          Abstract

          The role of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the abnormal secretion of thyrotropic hormone (TSH) in uremia was studied in male Sprague-Dawley rats rendered renally insufficient by subtotal nephrectomy. Baseline TSH concentrations in normal control animals and in the uremic animals were similar. The peak TSH response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH; 5 μg i.v.) was significantly blunted in the uremic animals compared to the controls. Pretreatment of the uremic animals with the specific GABA antagonist, bicuculline (1.5 μmol i.v.) resulted in normalization of the peak TSH response to TRH. Bicuculline pretreatment, however, did not alter the basal secretion of TSH in either the normal or the uremic animals, and it also did not augment the TRH-stimulated TSH response in the normal animals. Sham-operated animals demonstrated basal and TRH-stimulated TSH responses comparable to the control group. In order to assess whether the weight loss associated with uremia could have accounted for the blunted TRH-stimulated TSH secretion in the uremic animals, a group of rats were starved so that their weights were comparable to those of the uremic animals. Basal and TRH-stimulated TSH responses in this group were not significantly different from the controls. Bicuculline pretreatment of the starved animals also failed to alter the basal and TRH-stimulated TSH responses. These data indicate that an increase in central gabaergic tone may be partly responsible for the blunted TSH response to TRH seen in uremia, but that GABA is not an important modulator of TSH secretion in the normal rat.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1987
          1987
          05 December 2008
          : 46
          : 3
          : 301-304
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Medicine, University of California at Irvine, UCI Medical Center, Orange, Calif.; bNichols Institute, San Juan Capistrano, Calif., USA
          Article
          184371 Nephron 1987;46:301–304
          10.1159/000184371
          3114656
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          GABA, Rats, TSH, Uremia, TRN

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