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      Five-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP)Observations: Beam Maps and Window Functions

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          Abstract

          Cosmology and other scientific results from the WMAP mission require an accurate knowledge of the beam patterns in flight. While the degree of beam knowledge for the WMAP one-year and three-year results was unprecedented for a CMB experiment, we have significantly improved the beam determination as part of the five-year data release. Physical optics fits are done on both the A and the B sides for the first time. The cutoff scale of the fitted distortions on the primary mirror is reduced by a factor of ~2 from previous analyses. These changes enable an improvement in the hybridization of Jupiter data with beam models, which is optimized with respect to error in the main beam solid angle. An increase in main-beam solid angle of ~1% is found for the V2 and W1-W4 differencing assemblies. Although the five-year results are statistically consistent with previous ones, the errors in the five-year beam transfer functions are reduced by a factor of ~2 as compared to the three-year analysis. We present radiometry of the planet Jupiter as a test of the beam consistency and as a calibration standard; for an individual differencing assembly, errors in the measured disk temperature are ~0.5%.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          05 March 2008
          2008-10-17
          Article
          10.1088/0067-0049/180/2/246
          0803.0570
          5b431795-9719-483e-aa83-ccf1ff7b9356

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

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          Astrophys.J.Suppl.180:246-264,2009
          48 pages, 16 figures; version with better quality figures available from http://lambda.gsfc.nasa.gov; revised version, accepted for Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
          astro-ph

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