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      Antioxidant and anti-tumor promoting activities of the methanol extract of heat-processed ginseng

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          Abstract

          Heat treatment of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer at a temperature higher than that applied to the conventional preparation of red ginseng yielded a mixture of saponins with potent antioxidative properties. Thus, the methanol extract of heat-processed neoginseng (designated as 'NGMe') attenuated lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenates induced by ferric ion or ferric ion plus ascorbic acid. Furthermore, the extract protected against strand scission in phiX174 supercoiled DNA induced by UV photolysis of H2O2, and was also capable of scavenging superoxide generated by xanthine-xanthine oxidase or by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in differentiated human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells. Topical application of NGMe onto shaven backs of female ICR mice 10 min prior to TPA, significantly ameliorated skin papillomagenesis initiated by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene. Moreover, TPA-induced enhancement of epidermal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and ODC mRNA expression was abolished by a topical dose (0.68 mg) of NGMe. Likewise, TPA-induced production of tumor necrosis factor- in mouse skin was inhibited by NGMe pretreatment.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Cancer Letters
          Cancer Letters
          Elsevier BV
          03043835
          March 2000
          March 2000
          : 150
          : 1
          : 41-48
          Article
          10.1016/S0304-3835(99)00369-9
          10755385
          5b47d3b9-fa87-4283-bbb1-ea1ac526c5a4
          © 2000

          https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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