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      Life cycle assessment of the building industry: An overview of two decades of research (1995–2018)

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      Energy and Buildings
      Elsevier BV

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          Recent developments in Life Cycle Assessment.

          Life Cycle Assessment is a tool to assess the environmental impacts and resources used throughout a product's life cycle, i.e., from raw material acquisition, via production and use phases, to waste management. The methodological development in LCA has been strong, and LCA is broadly applied in practice. The aim of this paper is to provide a review of recent developments of LCA methods. The focus is on some areas where there has been an intense methodological development during the last years. We also highlight some of the emerging issues. In relation to the Goal and Scope definition we especially discuss the distinction between attributional and consequential LCA. For the Inventory Analysis, this distinction is relevant when discussing system boundaries, data collection, and allocation. Also highlighted are developments concerning databases and Input-Output and hybrid LCA. In the sections on Life Cycle Impact Assessment we discuss the characteristics of the modelling as well as some recent developments for specific impact categories and weighting. In relation to the Interpretation the focus is on uncertainty analysis. Finally, we discuss recent developments in relation to some of the strengths and weaknesses of LCA.
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            Life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle energy analysis (LCEA) of buildings and the building sector: A review

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              Energy use in the life cycle of conventional and low-energy buildings: A review article

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Energy and Buildings
                Energy and Buildings
                Elsevier BV
                03787788
                July 2020
                July 2020
                : 219
                : 109917
                Article
                10.1016/j.enbuild.2020.109917
                5b4e52e6-755c-4008-8b3f-d1e52fe62ba3
                © 2020

                https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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