Neurocysticercosis is one of the most common, world-wide parasitic diseases of the central nervous system. On the basis of a case report and a review of the literature, the present paper describes the rare course of an intraspinal cysticercus racemosus infection. In conjunction with magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography it is necessary to consider conventional myelography occupies an important position in the diagnosis of spinal manifestations of cysticercosis, cross-reactions, especially with Echinococcus antigens, by means of serological tests. In addition to the desirable surgical removal of the cysts, drug therapy with praziquantel and albendazole may be employed. Albendazole has recently been authorized for use in Germany.