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      Subacromial morphometric assessment of the clavicle hook plate

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      Injury

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Clavicle hook plates are an effective plate fixation alternative for distal clavicle fractures and severe acromioclavicular joint dislocations. However, post-operative complications associated with the subacromial portion of the hook include acromial osteolysis and subacromial impingement. We examine and quantify the three-dimensional position of the subacromial portion of the hook plate relative to surrounding acromial and subacromial structures in a series of cadaveric shoulders to determine if hook positioning predisposes the shoulder to these noted post-operative complications. Fifteen cadaveric shoulders (seven males, eight females) were implanted with 15- or 18-mm hook plates. Dimensions of the acromion and hook plate were digitised and reconstructed into a three-dimensional model to measure acromion dimensions and distances of the subacromial hook relative to surrounding acromial and subacromial structures. Inter-specimen dimensions of the acromion were highly variable. Mean acromion width and thickness were greater in males than in females (p=0.01). The posterior orientation of the subacromial hook varied widely (mean posterior implantation angle=32.5+/-20 degrees, range 0-67 degrees). The hook pierced the subacromial bursa in 13/15 specimens, made contact with the belly of the supraspinatus muscle in 9/15 specimens, and had focal contact at the hook tip with the undersurface of the acromion in 9/15 specimens. The wide range of acromial dimensions leads to a high degree of variability in the positioning of the subacromial hook. The observed frequency of hook contact with surrounding subacromial structures in a static shoulder confirms that the position of the hook portion of the implant can predispose anatomic structures to the post-operative complications of subacromial impingement and bony erosion. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Injury
          Injury
          Elsevier BV
          00201383
          June 2010
          June 2010
          : 41
          : 6
          : 613-619
          Article
          10.1016/j.injury.2009.12.012
          20116056
          © 2010

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