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      The Bioeconomy in Europe: An Overview

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      Sustainability
      MDPI AG

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          Principles of biorefineries.

          Sustainable economic growth requires safe, sustainable resources for industrial production. For the future re-arrangement of a substantial economy to biological raw materials, completely new approaches in research and development, production and economy are necessary. Biorefineries combine the necessary technologies between biological raw materials and industrial intermediates and final products. The principal goal in the development of biorefineries is defined by the following: (biomass) feedstock-mix + process-mix --> product-mix. Here, particularly the combination between biotechnological and chemical conversion of substances will play an important role. Currently the "whole-crop biorefinery", "green biorefinery" and "lignocellulose-feedstock biorefinery" systems are favored in research and development.
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            Biorefineries: Current Status, Challenges, and Future Direction

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              Strategies and Policies for the Bioeconomy and Bio-Based Economy: An Analysis of Official National Approaches

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                SUSTDE
                Sustainability
                Sustainability
                MDPI AG
                2071-1050
                June 2013
                June 10 2013
                : 5
                : 6
                : 2589-2608
                Article
                10.3390/su5062589
                5b73bb74-484c-4864-94b2-9ce633e06b0f
                © 2013

                https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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