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      Role of Dietary Intervention in the Primary Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease

      ,

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Cholesterol, Coronary heart disease, Diet, Low-density lipoprotein, Atherosclerosis

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          Abstract

          A large and convincing body of evidence links increased coronary risk with elevated plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Cholesterol in atherosclerotic lesions originates from that circulating in the blood bound to LDL. Even mild degrees of hypercholesterolemia (cholesterol > 180 mg/dl) when due to increased levels of LDL are associated with increased risk. Lowering plasma levels of LDL has been clearly shown to reduce coronary risk. We are able to modify plasma levels of LDL by restricting the dietary content of cholesterol and saturated fats. Such diets are safe and can be adhered to by large populations. Available information, reviewed here in detail, supports vigorous efforts to lower cholesterol levels by dietary means, even in the patient with so-called mild hypercholesterolemia. The evidence is overwhelmingk the risk is nil, and the potential benefits are substantial.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1987
          1987
          11 November 2008
          : 74
          : 1
          : 2-21
          Affiliations
          Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, N.Y., USA
          Article
          174169 Cardiology 1987;74:2–21
          10.1159/000174169
          3545472
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 20
          Categories
          Controversies in Cardiology

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