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      LEVANTAMENTO DA ENTOMOFAUNA EM PLANTIOS DE Eucalyptus spp. POR MEIO DE ARMADILHA LUMINOSA EM SÃO FRANCISCO DE ASSIS - RS Translated title: SURVEY OF INSECT IN Eucalyptus spp. PLANTATION BY LIGHT TRAP IN SÃO FRANCISCO DE ASSIS, RS

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          Abstract

          RESUMO A cultura do eucalipto tornou-se uma importante atividade econômica no Brasil, no entanto, com o aumento das áreas de plantio, os problemas entomológicos tendem a aumentar nas mesmas proporções. Neste sentido, torna-se necessário o constante monitoramento dos insetos associados a esses sistemas de plantios homogêneos, buscando o desenvolvimento de programas de manejo integrado de pragas. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi o levantamento populacional da entomofauna associada a plantios de Eucalyptus spp., em São Francisco de Assis - RS. As coletas foram realizadas por meio de armadilhas luminosas no período de julho de 2008 a agosto de 2009, em talhões de três anos de idade, com as espécies: Eucalyptus dunnii, Eucalyptus grandis e Eucalyptus grandis x Eucalyptus urophylla. Os insetos coletados foram analisados através dos índices de frequência, abundância, constância e diversidade. Realizou-se ainda a correlação entre as espécies-praga identificadas e as variáveis meteorológicas do período. Foram coletados 3.623 indivíduos distribuídos em oito ordens (Blattodea, Coleoptera, Dermaptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Mantodea e Odonata), identificando-se três espécies e três gêneros de lepidópteros desfolhadores considerados de importância econômica: Automeris illustris, Eupseudosoma sp., Sabulodes sp., Sarsina sp., Thyrinteina arnobia e Agrotis ipsilon. e a coleobroca Phoracantha semipunctata. Pelos resultados obtidos, pode-se concluir que existem espécies-praga importantes da cultura de Eucalyptus já estabelecidas na região, necessitando, portanto, de monitoramento constante para que estas espécies não ocasionem danos aos plantios.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT The cultivation of eucalyptus has become an important economic activity in Brazil. However, with the increase of the plantation areas, some entomological problems tend to increase in the same proportion. The constant monitoring of the insects associated with homogeneous planting systems is very important in order to seek the development of programs for integrated pest management. Thus, the purpose of this study was to perform a survey on the insect populations associated with Eucalyptus spp., in São Francisco de Assis, RS. The collects were carried out by light traps from July 2008 to August 2009 in three-year-old stands with the species: Eucalyptus dunni, Eucalyptus grandis and Eucalyptus grandis x Eucalyptus urophylla. The insects collected were analyzed using the faunistic indices, frequency, abundance, diversity, and constancy. The correlation between the pest species identified and the meteorological variables for the period were also performed. We collected 3623 individuals belonging to eight orders (Blattodea, Coleoptera, Dermaptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Mantodea and Odonata). Three species and three genus of lepidoptera defoliators considered of economic importance were identified: Automeris illustris, Eupseudosoma sp., Sabulodes sp., Sarsina sp., Thyrinteina arnobia and Agrotis ipsilon as well as the borer Phoracantha semipunctata. Our results show that there are important pest species of Eucalyptus already established in the region therefore some constant monitoring is required so that these species do not cause damage to plantations.

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              Paleontological statistics software: package for education and data analysis

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                cflo
                Ciência Florestal
                Ciênc. Florest.
                Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
                1980-5098
                June 2016
                : 26
                : 2
                : 365-374
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Brazil
                [3 ] Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Brazil
                Article
                S1980-50982016000200365
                10.5902/1980509822737
                5bc9dfa4-2ed4-4040-a092-1936a2e9fe83

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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                SciELO Brazil

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=1980-5098&lng=en
                Categories
                ECOLOGY
                ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
                FORESTRY

                Ecology,Environmental studies,Forestry
                eucalipto,entomologia florestal,forest entomology,insect pests,eucalypt,faunistic indices,insetos-praga,índices faunísticos

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