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      Genetic polymorphisms in sepsis- and cardiopulmonary bypass-associated acute kidney injury.

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          Abstract

          Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major medical problem in critical illness, and has a separate independent effect on the risk of death. Septic shock and cardiac surgery utilizing cardiopulmonary bypass are the two most common factors contributing to AKI. Clinical predictors and biochemical markers identified for the development of AKI can only explain a part of this individual risk. Another tool to predict the risk of AKI and to improve individualized patient care focuses on the identification of genetic risk factors which might be involved in the development of AKI. However, to date our knowledge on the importance of such genetic polymorphisms in influencing the susceptibility to and severity of AKI remains limited. There is evidence that several genetic polymorphisms accounting for sepsis- or cardiopulmonary bypass-associated AKI involve genes which participate in the control of inflammatory or vasomotor processes. In this article, we will review current knowledge concerning the role of genetic polymorphism in the pathogenesis of sepsis- and cardiopulmonary bypass-associated AKI and discuss possible areas for future developments and research in this field.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Contrib Nephrol
          Contributions to nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0302-5144
          0302-5144
          2007
          : 156
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Intensive Care, Austin Health, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.
          Article
          102072
          10.1159/000102072
          17464117

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