A 18-year clinical follow-up period in a male patient with a germline TSH-R gene mutation (Met453Thr) is described. Nonautoimmune thyrotoxicosis was diagnosed at the age of 7 months. The patient had exophthalmus, failure to thrive, advanced bone age and no goiter. Long-term antithyroid drug treatment (ATD) was necessary during childhood. At the age of 7 years he developed a goiter. Subtotal thyroidectomy was performed at the age of 9 years, followed by repeated ablative radiotherapy at the age of 9.5–13 years due to a toxic multinodular goiter. After 13 years ATD could be discontinued and the patient was euthyroid until 16 years of age, where L-thyroxine substitution had to be started. The exophthalmus diminished, and had disappeared at the age of 18 years, when CT scan of the orbit was performed. Conclusion: TSH-R mutation must be considered in early nonautoimmune thyrotoxicosis. A very agressive treatment strategy is necessary.