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      A Novel Biopolymer-based Nanomagnetic Catalyst for the Synthesis of 4H-pyran and Tetrahydro-4H-chromene Derivatives

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          Abstract

          In the present study, we have designed and synthesized a new magnetically recoverable, nanocatalyst of Ag/Fe3O4@starch. The successful synthesis and the structure of the nanocatalyst were confirmed and evaluated with several analytical techniques including XRD, EDX, VSM, FT-IR, TEM and TGA. The impact and efficiency of Ag/Fe3O4@starch were successfully investigated in the one-pot synthesis of desired 4H-pyrans and tetrahydro-4H-chromenes using three-component condensation of various aldehydes, malononitrile, and 1,3-diketoesters or cyclic 1,3-diketones. The magnetic nanocatalyst was easily recovered and reused with high catalytic activity even after up to five runs.

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          Most cited references 29

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          Understanding Starch Structure: Recent Progress

           Eric Bertoft (2017)
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            Recent Advances in the Application of Magnetic Nanoparticles as a Support for Homogeneous Catalysts

            Magnetic nanoparticles are a highly valuable substrate for the attachment of homogeneous inorganic and organic containing catalysts. This review deals with the very recent main advances in the development of various nanocatalytic systems by the immobilisation of homogeneous catalysts onto magnetic nanoparticles. We discuss magnetic core shell nanostructures (e.g., silica or polymer coated magnetic nanoparticles) as substrates for catalyst immobilisation. Then we consider magnetic nanoparticles bound to inorganic catalytic mesoporous structures as well as metal organic frameworks. Binding of catalytically active small organic molecules and polymers are also reviewed. After that we briefly deliberate on the binding of enzymes to magnetic nanocomposites and the corresponding enzymatic catalysis. Finally, we draw conclusions and present a future outlook for the further development of new catalytic systems which are immobilised onto magnetic nanoparticles.
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              A facile one-pot green synthesis and antibacterial activity of 2-amino-4H-pyrans and 2-amino-5-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-chromenes.

              A facile one-pot expeditious synthesis of 2-amino-4H-pyrans and 2-amino-5-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-chromenes has been described under solvent-free conditions using magnesium oxide as a catalyst in very good yields. The reaction catalyst, magnesium oxide was reused and recycled without any loss of activity and product yield. All the synthesized compounds were screened for in vitro antibacterial activity, and compounds 3a, 3b, 3f, 4b, 4c, 4d, 4e and 4g showed complete inhibition of bacterial growth at 128 microg/mL or less and the rest of the compounds exhibited incomplete inhibition.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                sajc
                South African Journal of Chemistry
                S.Afr.j.chem. (Online)
                The South African Chemical Institute (Durban, Johannesburg, South Africa )
                0379-4350
                1996-840X
                2020
                : 73
                : 55-63
                Affiliations
                Urmia orgnameUrmia University orgdiv1Faculty of Science orgdiv2Department of Nanotechnology Iran
                Urmia orgnameUrmia University orgdiv1Faculty of Chemistry orgdiv2Department of Organic Chemistry Iran
                Article
                S0379-43502020000100009 S0379-4350(20)07300000009
                10.17159/0379-4350/2020/v73a9
                5bfe4d6b-950c-436f-b5b4-4eab02328903

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 31, Pages: 9
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