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      Definitive hematopoietic stem cells first develop within the major arterial regions of the mouse embryo.

      The EMBO Journal
      Animals, Aorta, cytology, embryology, Cell Lineage, Embryonic and Fetal Development, Female, Gestational Age, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Hematopoietic System, Male, Mesoderm, Mesonephros, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Inbred CBA, Organ Culture Techniques, Umbilical Arteries, Urogenital System, Vitelline Membrane, blood supply

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          The aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region is a potent hematopoietic site within the mammalian embryo body, and the first place from which hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) emerge. Within the complex embryonic vascular, excretory and reproductive tissues of the AGM region, the precise location of HSC development is unknown. To determine where HSCs develop, we subdissected the AGM into aorta and urogenital ridge segments and transplanted the cells into irradiated adult recipients. We demonstrate that HSCs first appear in the dorsal aorta area. Furthermore, we show that vitelline and umbilical arteries contain high frequencies of HSCs coincident with HSC appearance in the AGM. While later in development and after organ explant culture we find HSCs in the urogenital ridges, our results strongly suggest that the major arteries of the embryo are the most important sites from which definitive HSCs first emerge.

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