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      Ab initio and coupled-perturbed density functional theory estimation of zero-field splittings in MnII transition metal complexes.

      The journal of physical chemistry. A

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          The paper presents a method comparison for the prediction of zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters in a series of Mn (II) coordination complexes. The test set consists of Mn (II) complexes that are experimentally well-characterized by X-ray diffraction and high-field electron paramagnetic resonance. Their ZFS parameters have been calculated using density functional theory (DFT) as well as complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) methods. It is shown that the recently introduced coupled-perturbed spin-orbit coupling (CP-SOC) approach [ Neese, F. J. Chem. Phys. 2007, 127, 164112 ] together with hybrid-DFT functionals leads to a slope of the correlation line (plot of experimental vs calculated D values) that is essentially unity provided that the direct spin-spin interaction is properly included in the treatment. This is different from our previous DFT study on the same series of complexes where a severe overestimation of the D parameter has been found [ Zein, S. ; Duboc, C. ; Lubitz, W. ; Neese, F. Inorg. Chem. 2008, 47, 134 ]. CASSCF methods have been used to evaluate the ZFS in an "ab initio ligand-field" type treatment. The study demonstrates that a substantial part of the relevant physics is lost in such a treatment since only excitations within the manganese d-manifold are accounted for. Thus, a severe underestimation of the D parameter has been found. Because the CASSCF calculations in combination with quasidegenerate perturbation theory treats the SOC to all orders, we have nevertheless verified that second-order perturbation theory is an adequate approximation in the case of the high-spin d (5) configuration.

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