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      rs1501299 Polymorphism in the Adiponectin Gene and Their Association with Total Adiponectin Levels, Insulin Resistance and Metabolic Syndrome in Obese Subjects

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          Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the association of single nucleotide polymorphism rs1501299 in the ADIPOQ gene with body weight, insulin resistance, serum adipokine levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Methods: The study involved a population of 1,007 adult obese subjects. Parameters like body weight, fat mass, waist circumferences, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, C-reactive protein, insulin concentration, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile and adipocytokines levels (leptin, adiponectin and resistin) were all measured. The genotype of ADIPOQ gene polymorphism (rs1501299) was evaluated. Results: Insulin levels (GG: 13.6 ± 5.1 mUI/l vs. GT: 14.1 ± 5.2 mUI/l vs. TT: 16.6 ± 5.2 mUI/l; p < 0.05) and HOMA-IR (GG: 3.3 ± 1.5 units vs. GT: 4.1 ± 1.1 units vs. TT: 4.5 ± 1.3 units; p < 0.05) were higher in T-allele carriers than they were in non-T-allele carriers. Total adiponectin levels (GG: 20.2 ± 2.4 ng/dl vs. GT: 15.8 ± 3.4 ng/dl vs. TT: 13.7 ± 1.4 ng/dl; p < 0.05) were lower in T-allele carriers than they were in non-T-allele carriers. Logistic regression analysis indicated that subjects with T allele were associated with an increased risk of MetS (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.08-1.25, p = 0.033) and an increased risk of hyperglycemia (OR 1.99, 95% CI 1.37-2.55, p = 0.028) after adjusting by age and gender. Conclusions: These data suggest an important role of this ADIPOQ variant at position +276 on insulin resistance, total adiponectin levels and MetS.

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          Most cited references 26

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          Executive Summary of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III)

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            Homeostasis model assessment: insulin resistance and ?-cell function from fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in man

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              Genetic variation in the gene encoding calpain-10 is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

              Type 2 or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is the most common form of diabetes worldwide, affecting approximately 4% of the world's adult population. It is multifactorial in origin with both genetic and environmental factors contributing to its development. A genome-wide screen for type 2 diabetes genes carried out in Mexican Americans localized a susceptibility gene, designated NIDDM1, to chromosome 2. Here we describe the positional cloning of a gene located in the NIDDM1 region that shows association with type 2 diabetes in Mexican Americans and a Northern European population from the Botnia region of Finland. This putative diabetes-susceptibility gene encodes a ubiquitously expressed member of the calpain-like cysteine protease family, calpain-10 (CAPN10). This finding suggests a novel pathway that may contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.

                Author and article information

                Ann Nutr Metab
                Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism
                Ann Nutr Metab
                S. Karger AG (Basel, Switzerland karger@ )
                January 2017
                03 December 2016
                : 69
                : 3-4
                : 226-231
                Endocrinology and Nutrition Research Center, School of Medicine, Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Clinico Universitario, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
                Author notes
                *Daniel Antonio de Luis, Endocrinology and Nutrition Research Center, School of Medicine, Valladolid University, C/Los Perales 16 Simancas, ES-47130 Valladolid (Spain), E-Mail
                453401 Ann Nutr Metab 2016;69:226-231
                © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 4, References: 35, Pages: 6
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                Original Paper

                Medicine, General social science

                Adipokines, Adiponectin gene, ADIPOQ , Metabolic syndrome, rs1501299


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