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      Biodiversity in the City: Fundamental Questions for Understanding the Ecology of Urban Green Spaces for Biodiversity Conservation

      , , , , ,
      BioScience
      Oxford University Press (OUP)

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          Urbanization, Biodiversity, and Conservation

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            When Good Animals Love Bad Habitats: Ecological Traps and the Conservation of Animal Populations

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              Novel urban ecosystems, biodiversity, and conservation.

              With increasing urbanization the importance of cities for biodiversity conservation grows. This paper reviews the ways in which biodiversity is affected by urbanization and discusses the consequences of different conservation approaches. Cities can be richer in plant species, including in native species, than rural areas. Alien species can lead to both homogenization and differentiation among urban regions. Urban habitats can harbor self-sustaining populations of rare and endangered native species, but cannot replace the complete functionality of (semi-)natural remnants. While many conservation approaches tend to focus on such relict habitats and native species in urban settings, this paper argues for a paradigm shift towards considering the whole range of urban ecosystems. Although conservation attitudes may be challenged by the novelty of some urban ecosystems, which are often linked to high numbers of nonnative species, it is promising to consider their associated ecosystem services, social benefits, and possible contribution to biodiversity conservation. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                BioScience
                Oxford University Press (OUP)
                0006-3568
                1525-3244
                September 01 2017
                September 01 2017
                : 67
                : 9
                : 799-807
                Article
                10.1093/biosci/bix079
                5c34ba7b-1170-4625-9f6f-df7803758d05
                © 2017
                History

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