Aims: The effect of oral adsorbent, AST-120, on the experimental renal disease induced by adriamycin, uninephrectomy and high protein diet proposed as a model of acquired cystic disease of the kidney was investigated. Methods: 3 mg of adriamycin was injected into the tail vein of rats and 4 weeks later right-side nephrectomy was performed, 2 weeks thereafter 26 rats with urinary protein excretion between 100 and 358 mg/day were selected from 60 rats. Two groups, 13 rats in each group, namely the AST-120-treated group and control group, both of which had equal renal damage before the administration of AST-120 or placebo. AST-120 (0.4 g/100 g BW/day) was administered for 19 weeks. Results: Serum creatinine and BUN in the AST-120-treated group were significantly lower (serum creatinine: 3.3 ± 2.1 vs. 7.1 ± 2.7 mg/dl, p < 0.003) and creatinine clearance was higher (0.62 ± 0.49 vs. 0.29 ± 0.30 ml/min, p < 0.05) at the final examination than in the control group. Survival rate which was examined using another set of 9 rats was higher in AST-120-treated rats than in AST-120-untreated rats. Serum indoxyl sulfate was significantly lower at all times after using AST-120 in the AST-120-treated group than in contrast to the control group. Histological examination revealed less severe interstitial and cystic changes in the AST-120-treated group. This suggests that AST-120 can prevent or retard the development of acquired renal cystic disease in this model. Aortic calcification tended to be less severe in the AST-120-treated group because of less serum Ca × P products. Conclusion: The AST-120-treated group significantly decreased serum creatinine and increased creatinine clearance with less severe renal cystic changes in this model during the later weeks of administration of AST-120 or at death, accompanied with the tendency of less severe aortic calcification.