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      Long-Term Enalapril and Hydrochlorothiazide in Radiation Nephritis

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          Abstract

          Radiation of the kidney often leads to renal failure. The contribution of arterial hypertension to the development of this complication is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the renal effects of antihypertensive therapy in 1- and 2-kidney rat models of radiation nephritis. Five groups of Long Evans rats had X-irradiation of the left kidney. In groups 1 and 2, the right kidney was left undisturbed (2-kidney model). The rats in group 3, 4 and 5 underwent right nephrectomy 21 days before radiation (1-kidney model). Groups 1 and 3 received no drug treatment and served as controls for each model. Groups 2 and 4 had enalapril 50 mg/l in drinking water and group 5 hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) 200 mg/l, also in drinking water. Blood pressure increased significantly in both control groups and remained normal throughout the study in all treated groups. At the end of the study, mean urinary protein excretion was lower in the two enalapril-treated groups but not in HCT-treated animals. Groups 1 and 2 (2-kidney models) showed similar increments in plasma creatinine (P<sub>creat</sub>), and, in both groups, the creatinine clearance (C<sub>Creat</sub>) dropped to the same extent. Among nephrectomized animals (1-kidney model), P<sub>creat</sub> was lower and C<sub>Creat</sub> higher in the enalapril-treated group. Consistent with these findings, glomerular sclerosis was less severe in both enalapril-treated groups. We conclude that, in radiation nephritis, lowering blood pressure with enalapril exerts a beneficial effect on renal function and structure, whereas a similar reduction in blood pressure induced by HCT does not.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1993
          1993
          12 December 2008
          : 64
          : 2
          : 249-255
          Affiliations
          The Private Institute of Medical Specialties and IV Academic Unit of Medicine, National University of Córdoba, Argentina
          Article
          187322 Nephron 1993;64:249–255
          10.1159/000187322
          8321359
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Thiazides, Hypertension, Radiation nephritis, ACE inhibitors

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