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      Induction of pluripotent stem cells from adult human fibroblasts by defined factors.

      Cell

      Transduction, Genetic, Adult, metabolism, genetics, Transcription Factors, pathology, Teratoma, Telomerase, SOXB1 Transcription Factors, physiology, Pluripotent Stem Cells, Octamer Transcription Factor-3, Neurons, Myocytes, Cardiac, Mice, Inbred ICR, Mice, Male, Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors, Humans, HMGB Proteins, Genes, myc, Fibroblasts, Female, Embryo, Mammalian, DNA-Binding Proteins, Cellular Reprogramming, Cells, Cultured, Cell Differentiation, Biological Markers, Animals, Aged

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          Abstract

          Successful reprogramming of differentiated human somatic cells into a pluripotent state would allow creation of patient- and disease-specific stem cells. We previously reported generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, capable of germline transmission, from mouse somatic cells by transduction of four defined transcription factors. Here, we demonstrate the generation of iPS cells from adult human dermal fibroblasts with the same four factors: Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc. Human iPS cells were similar to human embryonic stem (ES) cells in morphology, proliferation, surface antigens, gene expression, epigenetic status of pluripotent cell-specific genes, and telomerase activity. Furthermore, these cells could differentiate into cell types of the three germ layers in vitro and in teratomas. These findings demonstrate that iPS cells can be generated from adult human fibroblasts.

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          Journal
          18035408
          10.1016/j.cell.2007.11.019

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