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      Apomixis technology development-virgin births in farmers' fields?

      Nature biotechnology

      Agriculture, economics, methods, Biotechnology, trends, Crops, Agricultural, genetics, physiology, Ecosystem, Gene Dosage, Gene Expression Regulation, Plant, Genetic Engineering, Genetic Variation, Genome, Plant, Hybrid Vigor, Hybridization, Genetic, Intellectual Property, Patents as Topic, ethics, Plant Development, Plants, Plants, Genetically Modified, Ploidies, Reproduction, Asexual, Seeds, growth & development, Technology Transfer

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          Abstract

          Apomixis is the process of asexual reproduction through seed, in the absence of meiosis and fertilization, generating clonal progeny of maternal origin. Major benefits to agriculture could result from harnessing apomixis in crop plants. Although >400 apomictic plant species are known, apomixis is rare among crop plants, and the transfer of apomixis to crop varieties by conventional breeding has been largely unsuccessful. Because apomictic and sexual pathways are closely related, de novo engineering of apomixis might be achieved in sexually reproducing crops. Early consideration of issues relating to biosafety and intellectual property (IP) management can facilitate the acceptance and deployment of apomixis technology in agriculture.

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          Journal
          15175691
          10.1038/nbt976

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