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      Sequential Therapy for Diffuse Proliferative and Membranous Lupus Nephritis: Cyclophosphamide and Prednisolone Followed by Azathioprine and Prednisolone

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          Abstract

          A retrospective single-center cohort study was conducted on 35 patients with diffuse proliferative (WHO type IV) and/or membranous (type V) lupus nephritis (22 with type IV, 6 with type V, and 7 with type IV plus V) who had been treated with a sequential regimen comprising prednisolone and cyclophosphamide during active disease, followed by low-dose prednisolone and azathioprine maintenance. The follow-up period was 33.2 ± 4.5 months. At presentation, 32 (91.4%) patients were nephrotic, and an abnormal serum cre-atinine level was noted in 14 (48.3%) patients with type IV changes. Cyclophosphamide was given for 26.8 ± 2.8 weeks. 33 (94.3%) patients achieved complete or partial renal remissions: 77.3 and 22.7% of the type IV patients, 16.7 and 66.6% of the type V patients, and 14.3 and 71.4% of the type IV plus V patients, respectively (p < 0.0001 for type IV versus type V and for type IV versus type IV plus V). The duration of therapy before renal remissions and normalization of C3 were attained was similar among the three groups of patients. Disease relapse occurred in 4 (18.2%) of 22 type IV patients and in 1 of the 5 type V patients in remission. Mortality was not observed, and none of the patients had an increase in serum creatinine level to double the baseline value. Adverse effects related to therapy included: hair loss (42.9%), transient amenorrhea (53.6%), leukopenia (11.4%), febrile episodes (14.3%), and herpes zoster (28.6%). We conclude that sequential use of prednisolone and cyclophosphamide followed by low-dose prednisolone and azathioprine can achieve favorable therapeutic results in the majority of patients with diffuse proliferative and/or membranous lupus nephritis, without excessive toxici-ties.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1995
          1995
          18 December 2008
          : 71
          : 3
          : 321-327
          Affiliations
          aNephrology Division, Department of Medicine, and bDepartment of Pathology, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong
          Article
          188739 Nephron 1995;71:321–327
          10.1159/000188739
          8569982
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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