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      The Dual Process Model of Ideology and Prejudice: A Longitudinal Test During a Global Recession

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      The Journal of Social Psychology
      Informa UK Limited

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          Empirical, theoretical, and practical advantages of the HEXACO model of personality structure.

          The authors argue that a new six-dimensional framework for personality structure--the HEXACO model--constitutes a viable alternative to the well-known Big Five or five-factor model. The new model is consistent with the cross-culturally replicated finding of a common six-dimensional structure containing the factors Honesty-Humility (H), Emotionality (E), eExtraversion (X), Agreeableness (A), Conscientiousness (C), and Openness to Experience (O). Also, the HEXACO model predicts several personality phenomena that are not explained within the B5/FFM, including the relations of personality factors with theoretical biologists' constructs of reciprocal and kin altruism and the patterns of sex differences in personality traits. In addition, the HEXACO model accommodates several personality variables that are poorly assimilated within the B5/FFM.
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            A dual-process cognitive-motivational theory of ideology and prejudice

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              The psychological bases of ideology and prejudice: testing a dual process model.

              The issue of personality and prejudice has been largely investigated in terms of authoritarianism and social dominance orientation. However, these seem more appropriately conceptualized as ideological attitudes than as personality dimensions. The authors describe a causal model linking dual dimensions of personality, social world view, ideological attitudes, and intergroup attitudes. Structural equation modeling with data from American and White Afrikaner students supported the model, suggesting that social conformity and belief in a dangerous world influence authoritarian attitudes, whereas toughmindedness and belief in a competitive jungle world influence social dominance attitudes, and these two ideological attitude dimensions influence intergroup attitudes. The model implies that dual motivational and cognitive processes, which may be activated by different kinds of situational and intergroup dynamics, may underlie 2 distinct dimensions of prejudice.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                The Journal of Social Psychology
                The Journal of Social Psychology
                Informa UK Limited
                0022-4545
                1940-1183
                May 13 2013
                May 13 2013
                : 153
                : 4
                : 448-466
                Article
                10.1080/00224545.2012.757544
                23951951
                5cdf3806-1f06-4bdc-bc95-ceb2191cd1e5
                © 2013
                History

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