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      Acid in ionic liquid: An efficient system for hydrolysis of lignocellulose

      , ,

      Green Chem.

      Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)

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          Most cited references 28

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          Features of promising technologies for pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass.

           N. Mosier (2005)
          Cellulosic plant material represents an as-of-yet untapped source of fermentable sugars for significant industrial use. Many physio-chemical structural and compositional factors hinder the enzymatic digestibility of cellulose present in lignocellulosic biomass. The goal of any pretreatment technology is to alter or remove structural and compositional impediments to hydrolysis in order to improve the rate of enzyme hydrolysis and increase yields of fermentable sugars from cellulose or hemicellulose. These methods cause physical and/or chemical changes in the plant biomass in order to achieve this result. Experimental investigation of physical changes and chemical reactions that occur during pretreatment is required for the development of effective and mechanistic models that can be used for the rational design of pretreatment processes. Furthermore, pretreatment processing conditions must be tailored to the specific chemical and structural composition of the various, and variable, sources of lignocellulosic biomass. This paper reviews process parameters and their fundamental modes of action for promising pretreatment methods.
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            Room temperature ionic liquids as novel media for ‘clean’ liquid–liquid extraction

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              Challenges in engineering microbes for biofuels production.

              Economic and geopolitical factors (high oil prices, environmental concerns, and supply instability) have been prompting policy-makers to put added emphasis on renewable energy sources. For the scientific community, recent advances, embodied in new insights into basic biology and technology that can be applied to metabolic engineering, are generating considerable excitement. There is justified optimism that the full potential of biofuel production from cellulosic biomass will be obtainable in the next 10 to 15 years.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                GRCHFJ
                Green Chem.
                Green Chem.
                Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
                1463-9262
                1463-9270
                2008
                2008
                : 10
                : 2
                : 177-182
                Article
                10.1039/B711512A
                © 2008
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=B711512A

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