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      Endothelium-Dependent Responses in Isolated Blood Vessels of Lower Vertebrates

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          Abstract

          Endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine have been identified in mammalian arteries and veins. To determine the occurrence of such relaxations in other classes of vertebrates, rings of descending aortas of turtles, cayman and bullfrogs and ventral aortas of trout were suspended for isometric force measurements. Acetylcholine and the calcium ionophore A23187 initiated concentration-dependent relaxations in aortas from cayman and bullfrogs contracted with norepinephrine. These relaxations were not affected by meclofenamate, were reversed by methylene blue and abolished by endothelium removal. Acetylcholine caused concentration-dependent contractions in aortas (with and without endothelium) from trout and turtles; these tissues contracted minimally to norepinephrine. In the aortas of the trout contracted with acetylcholine, the calcium ionophore A23187 initiated endothelium-dependent relaxations which were reversed by methylene blue and abolished by meclofenamate. A23187 contracted turtle aortas; an effect reduced by endothelium removal. These data demonstrate endothelium-dependent relaxations and contractions in blood vessels of reptiles, amphibians and teleosts. Thus, endothelium-dependent modulation of the responses of the vascular smooth muscle represents a cardiovascular regulatory mechanism which appears early in vertebrate phylogeny.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1986
          1986
          23 September 2008
          : 23
          : 4-5
          : 225-235
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minn., USA
          Article
          158643 Blood Vessels 1986;23:225–235
          10.1159/000158643
          © 1986 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Research Paper

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