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      Effect of menstrual cycle phase on exercise performance of high-altitude native women at 3600 m.

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          Abstract

          At sea level normally menstruating women show increased ventilation (VE) and hemodynamic changes due to increased progesterone (P) and estrogen (E2) levels during the mid-luteal (L) compared to the mid-follicular (F) phase of the ovarian cycle. Such changes may affect maximal exercise performance. This repeated-measures, randomized study, conducted at 3600 m, tests the hypothesis that a P-mediated increase in VE increases maximal oxygen consumption (V(O(2)max)) during the L phase relative to the F phase in Bolivian women, either born and raised at high altitude (HA), or resident at HA since early childhood. Subjects (N=30) enrolled in the study were aged 27.7 +/- 0.7 years (mean +/- S.E.M.) and non-pregnant, non-lactating, relatively sedentary residents of La Paz, Bolivia, who were not using hormonal contraceptives. Mean salivary P levels at the time of the exercise tests were 63.3 pg ml(-1) and 22.9 pg ml(-1) for the L and F phases, respectively. Subset analyses of submaximal (N=23) and maximal (N=13) exercise responses were conducted only with women showing increased P levels from F to L and, in the latter case, with those also achieving true (V(O(2)max)). Submaximal exercise VE and ventilatory equivalents were higher in the L phase (P<0.001). P levels were significantly correlated to the submaximal exercise VE (r=0.487, P=0.006). Maximal work output (W) was higher (approximately 5 %) during the L phase (P=0.044), but (V(O(2)max)) (l min(-1)) was unchanged (P=0.063). Post-hoc analyses revealed no significant relationship between changes in P levels and changes in (V(O(2)max))) from F to L (P=0.072). In sum, the menstrual cycle phase has relatively modest effects on ventilation, but no effect on (V(O(2)max)) of HA native women.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J. Exp. Biol.
          The Journal of experimental biology
          0022-0949
          0022-0949
          Jan 2002
          : 205
          : Pt 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Anthropology, The University at Albany, State University of New York, 12222, USA. tbrutsae@csc.albany.edu
          Article
          10.1242/jeb.205.2.233
          11821489
          5ce9f4c8-dff1-41fc-bfef-08027afd24c8
          History

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