The transcription factor, zinc finger protein 143 (ZNF143), positively regulates many cell-cycle-related genes. The ZNF143 would show high expression of multiple solid tumours related closely to cancer cell growth, similar to the widely accepted Ki67 (MIB-1) protein, but the underlying mechanisms for ZNF143 remain unclear. We investigated the association of ZNF143 expression with clinicopathological features and prognoses of patients with lung adenocarcinoma.
Expressions of ZNF143 and MIB-1 were immunohistochemically analysed in 183 paraffin-embedded tumour samples of patients with lung adenocarcinoma. The ZNF143 expression was considered to be strong when >30% of the cancer cells demonstrated positive staining.
Strong ZNF143+ expression showed a significantly close relationship to pathologically moderate to poor differentiation and highly invasive characteristics. The ZNF143 positivity potentially induced cell growth of lung adenocarcinoma, correlated significantly with high MIB-1 labelling index (⩾10%). Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that both strong ZNF143+ and the high MIB-1 index group have only and significantly worse survival rates.