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      The design of a volleyball training drill: definition of parameters and assessment of drills’ contents Translated title: Desenho de exercícios de treinamento de voleibol: definição de parâmetros e avaliação do conteúdo dos exercícios Translated title: Diseño de ejercicios de entrenamiento de voleibol: definición de parámetros y evaluación del contenido de los ejercicios

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT The aim of this work was to define a model of volleyball drills’ structure. A set of parameters has been designed and tested for: i) pertinence and accuracy; ii) criteria reliability; iii) practical application. Expert judges evaluated model’s pertinence, accuracy and criteria reliability. A sample of 50 drills was assessed for drills’ analysis. The model demonstrated pertinence and accuracy, with complete agreement among experts. Criteria were reliable (Kappa test results > 0.8). Analysis indicated significant differences in the frequency of model’s parameters (graph topology), for instance among attributes (basic complex - 30%) with manifold drills (46,7%) in the technical domain (100%). The model contributes with theoretical support for a coach’s key task of designing practice contents.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho foi definir um modelo de estruturação de exercícios de treinamento no voleibol. Um conjunto de parâmetros foi determinado e testado por especialistas quanto a: i) pertinência e precisão; ii) confiabilidade; iii) aplicação prática. Uma amostra de 50 exercícios foi avaliada com base no modelo. O modelo demonstrou pertinência e precisão, com total concordância entre os especialistas. Os critérios foram confiáveis (resultados do teste Kappa > 0,8). A análise indicou diferenças significantes na frequência dos parâmetros do modelo (topologia do grafo), por exemplo entre atributos (complexo básico - 30%) com tarefas múltiplas (46,7%) no domínio técnico (100%). O modelo contribui com suporte teórico ao treinador em sua função-chave de planejar os conteúdos de treinamento.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMEN El objetivo de este trabajo fue definir un modelo de la estructura de tareas de entrenamiento em voleibol. Un conjunto de parámetros fue determinado y evaluado por expertos cuanto a: i) pertinencia y precisión; ii) fiabilidad; iii) aplicación práctica. Se evaluó una muestra de 50 ejercicios según el modelo. El modelo demostró pertinencia y precisión, con total acuerdo entre los expertos. Los criterios fueron confiables (resultados del teste Kappa > 0.8). El análisis indicó diferencias significativas en la frecuencia de los parámetros del modelo (topología del grafo), por ejemplo entre atributos (complejo básico - 30%) con múltiples tareas (46.7%) en el dominio técnico (100%). El modelo aporta suporte teórico al entrenador en su papel clave de diseñar el contenido de entrenamiento.

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          The Measurement of Observer Agreement for Categorical Data

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            An investigation of the practice activities and coaching behaviors of professional top-level youth soccer coaches

            The aim of this study was to investigate the coaching behaviors of elite English youth soccer coaches in different practice settings and gain insight into the coaches' cognitive processes underpinning these behaviors. The practice setting was split into two types of activities, "training form" and "playing form," and behavioral data were collected using a modified version of the Coach Analysis and Intervention System. Interpretive interview data were triangulated with the behavioral data to ensure that both the "what" and the "why" of the coaches' behavior and practice were considered. The results showed the coaches using more "training form" activities than "playing form," and using high levels of prescriptive instruction, regardless of practice type, in contrast to a stated desire to "developing the whole player," creating "decision makers," and being a "facilitator of knowledge creation." The interviews revealed that the coaches had a low self-awareness about their behavior, with an epistemological gap identified between understanding and practice, with statements of intent not being matched by knowledge and action.
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              Coach behaviours and practice structures in youth soccer: implications for talent development.

              Coaches are central to talent development in youth soccer and what they say and do impacts on players' achievements and well-being. Researchers have systematically observed coach behaviour and practice activities within this setting (i.e. 'what coaches do'). We review this research in light of contemporary discussion that highlights a potential 'theory-practice' divide. Our main example focuses on the discrepancy between coaching behaviour and research from the sports science sub-discipline areas of motor learning and skill acquisition that relate to how best to design practice sessions and provide instruction (i.e., 'what coaches should probably do'). The underlying reasons for this discrepancy are discussed and recommendations made to address this disparity in research, education and coach behaviours.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                rbce
                Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte
                Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Esporte
                Colégio Brasileiro de Ciências do Esporte (Brasília, DF, Brazil )
                2179-3255
                2021
                : 43
                Affiliations
                [01] Brasilia DF orgnameInstituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnologia de Brasília Brasil
                [02] Brasilia Distrito Federal orgnameUniversidade de Brasília orgdiv1Faculdade de Educação Física Brazil
                Article
                S0101-32892021000100400 S0101-3289(21)04300000400
                10.1590/rbce.43.e006320
                5d152912-b9f2-4ed1-b4ba-885c18d106be

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 0
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Review Article

                Ensino,Deportes de equipo,Planificación,Modelo,Enseñanza,Team sports,Planning,Model,Teaching,Esportes coletivos,Planejamento

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