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      Hemorrhage Suppresses Fever, lnterleukin-6, and Tumor Necrosis Factor-αResponses to Lipopolysaccharide in Rats

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          Abstract

          The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that attenuation of the fever response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) following hemorrhage is accompanied by changes in serum glucocorticoid levels and a decreased bioactivity of TNF-αand IL-6 in plasma. Hemorrhage was induced in rats by the withdrawal of 20% of estimated total blood volume. LPS (50µg/kg) or saline were injected intraperitoneally immediately after the hemorrhage. Blood samples were taken 1.5 h for TNF-αbioactivity and corticosterone measurements and 5 h after treatment for IL-6 bioactivity. Body temperature (T<sub>b</sub>) was measured by biotelemetry. The 20% hemorrhage led to a significant reduction in hematocrit measured at 1.5 and 5 h after treatment. Furthermore, 20% hemorrhage caused a substantial elevation in serum corticosterone measured by radioimmunoassay at 1.5 h after treatment. This high concentration of corticosterone was not further potentiated by injection of LPS. Hemorrhaged rats treated with LPS responded with a markedly attenuated fever. Both TNF-αand IL-6 rises in the circulation due to LPS injection were significantly smaller in hemorrhaged rats compared to nonhemorrhaged LPS-injected rats. However, this degree of hemorrhage did not alter the T<sub>b</sub>or plasma TNF-αand lL-6 activity in hemorrhaged rats injected with saline. These results show that the inhibitory effect of hemorrhage on LPS-induced fever may be related to the decreased TNF-αand IL-6 activity in plasma. Hemorrhage-induced high level of corticosterone might contribute to the attenuation of fever, perhaps via the suppression of pyrogenic cytokines.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NIM
          Neuroimmunomodulation
          10.1159/issn.1021-7401
          Neuroimmunomodulation
          S. Karger AG
          1021-7401
          1423-0216
          1996
          1996
          19 March 1997
          : 3
          : 4
          : 239-246
          Affiliations
          Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, N. Mex., USA
          Article
          97277 Neuroimmunomodulation 1996;3:239–246
          10.1159/000097277
          9094446
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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