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There is more to green reading than meets the eye! Exploring the gaze behaviours of expert golfers on a virtual golf putting task.

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Cognitive processing

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      Abstract

      Gaze patterns and verbal reports of golfers at three skill levels (professional, elite amateur and club) were recorded as they read the slope of a virtual golf green from six different positions. The results showed that the professional golfers used a more economical gaze pattern consisting of fewer fixations of longer duration than the amateur and club players. Gaze pattern was accompanied by verbal reports that were not significantly more accurate in terms of aiming accuracy, although the professionals were accurate on 76.5 % of putts compared to 57.1 % for the elite and club groups. Two read positions lead to more accurate predictions by the professional golfers only, suggesting distinctive periods of visual perceptual-cognitive attention may underly higher levels of putting skill. Theoretical implications of these results are discussed in relation to the application of visual attention theory to practise, as well as suggestions provided for further research.

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      Author and article information

      Affiliations
      [1 ] Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland, mark.campbell@ul.ie.
      Journal
      Cogn Process
      Cognitive processing
      1612-4790
      1612-4782
      Aug 2014
      : 15
      : 3
      10.1007/s10339-014-0608-2 24677017

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