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      Effectiveness of amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC) treatment in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients with invasive aspergillosis (IA).

      Bone Marrow Transplantation

      Treatment Outcome, Transplantation, Homologous, Retrospective Studies, therapeutic use, adverse effects, Phosphatidylglycerols, Phosphatidylcholines, drug therapy, chemically induced, Opportunistic Infections, Middle Aged, Male, Lung Diseases, Fungal, Immunosuppression, Humans, statistics & numerical data, Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Graft vs Host Disease, Female, Drug Evaluation, Drug Combinations, Databases, Factual, Child, Preschool, Child, Aspergillosis, Amphotericin B, Aged, Adult, Adolescent

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          A total of 85 allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients with invasive aspergillosis treated with amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC) were identified from the Collaborative Exchange of Antifungal Research (CLEAR) database. Of these patients, 78% (66/85) presented with pulmonary aspergillosis. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was present in 24 of 85 patients. The response rate to ABLC was 31% (26/85) overall and 21% (5/24) in patients with GVHD. The overall response rate to first-line ABLC treatment was 41% (11/27). Four of nine (44%) patients with GVHD responded to first-line treatment with ABLC, while only one of 13 (8%) responded to ABLC as second-line therapy. Five of 18 (28%) and four of 14 (29%) patients, respectively, responded to sequential or concurrent treatment with ABLC and itraconazole. None of seven patients responded who continued receiving itraconazole after the start of ABLC therapy. At the end of ABLC therapy, serum creatinine had doubled in 12% of patients (10/85), and 2% (2/85) had developed a requirement for dialysis. These data suggest that ABLC, especially when administered as first-line therapy, can result in clinical response even in the most immunocompromised patients, that is, HCT recipients with GVHD, with minimal effects on renal function.

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