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      Migrant Racialization on Twitter during a border and a pandemic crisis

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      International Communication Gazette
      SAGE Publications
      Twitter, social media, migration, race, hashtags, COVID-19

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          Abstract

          This work examines how the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic reshaped the migration debate on Twitter. Through co-hashtag network analysis, time-frequency and content analysis, it shows that the pandemic was related with positive (humanitarian) and negative (threat) stances about migration. The positive side focused on the need to protect refugees stranded at camps in Greece from COVID-19. The negative focused on the Greek-Turkish land-border crisis (Evros crisis), using COVID-19 to reinforce migrants as racialized others. These findings fit the problematization of positive and negative migrant representations in the Global north as Eurocentric. In the case of camps, refugees fit well within the victim/helpless frame, justifying humanitarianism, this time on health grounds. Regarding the border crisis, refugees also fit the Eurocentric frame of violent/male/inferior other who could spread a deadly virus. Overall, COVID-19 intertwined with migration in Twitter debates, reinforcing the racialized, Eurocentric representational field on migrants from the Global south.

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          Governing the Contaminated City: Infrastructure and Sanitation in Colonial and Post-Colonial Bombay

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            Is Open Access

            Assessing burden, risk factors, and perceived impact of uterine fibroids on women’s lives in rural Haiti: implications for advancing a health equity agenda, a mixed methods study

            Background Uterine fibroids, the most common cause of gynecologic surgery, have a reported cumulative incidence of 59% among Black women in the U.S. Uterine fibroids negatively impact the quality of women’s lives. No study has been found in the literature about fibroids in Haiti. We conducted a mixed methods study to assess the burden and risk factors of uterine fibroids, as well as their effects on women’s quality of life. Methods A convergent mixed methods study was conducted between October 1, 2019 and January 31, 2020 at MUH’s (Mirebalais University Hospital) OB-GYN outpatient department. Quantitatively, in a cross-sectional study 211 women completed consecutively a structured questionnaire. In-depth interviews with 17 women with fibroids and 7 family members were implemented for the qualitative component. Descriptive statistics were calculated for clinical and social demographic variables. Logistic regression was performed to examine associations between fibroids and related risk factors. An inductive thematic process was used to analyze the qualitative data. A joint display technique was used to integrate the results. Results Of 193 women analyzed 116 had fibroids (60.1%). The mean age was 41.3. Anemia was the most frequent complication— 61 (52.6%). Compared to women without uterine fibroids, factors associated with uterine fibroids included income decline (AOR = 4.7, 95% CI: 2.1–10.9, p = < 0.001), excessive expenses for transport (AOR = 4.4, 95% CI: 1.6–12.4, p = 0.005), and family history with uterine fibroids (AOR = 4.6, 95% CI: 1.6–13.6, p = 0.005). In contrast, higher level of education and micro polycystic ovarian syndrome were associated with lower prevalence (AOR = 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1–0.9, p = 0.021) and (AOR = 0.2, 95% CI: 0.1–0.97, p = 0.044), respectively. The qualitative findings delineate how contextual factors such as health system failures, long wait times, gender inequality and poverty negatively affect the quality of women’s lives. The poverty cycle of uterine fibroids emerged. Conclusions A vicious cycle of poverty negatively impacts access to care for uterine fibroids in Haiti. Health insurance, social support, and income generating activities may be keys to promote social justice through access to adequate care for women with uterine fibroids in Haiti.
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              Representing the “European refugee crisis” in Germany and beyond: Deservingness and difference, life and death

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Int Commun Gaz
                Int Commun Gaz
                GAZ
                spgaz
                International Communication Gazette
                SAGE Publications (Sage UK: London, England )
                1748-0485
                1748-0493
                April 2022
                April 2022
                April 2022
                : 84
                : 3
                : 227-251
                Affiliations
                [1-17480485211054301]Department of Psychology, Ringgold 54557, universityUniversity of Cyprus; , Nicosia, Cyprus
                [2-17480485211054301]Independent Researcher, MSC in Computer Science
                Author notes
                [*]Maria Avraamidou, 2109 Panepistimiou Avenue, Aglatzia, FEB 01 - Faculty of Social Sciences and Education, Department of Psychology, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus. Email: mariaavraamidou@ 123456gmail.com
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9781-1181
                Article
                10.1177_17480485211054301
                10.1177/17480485211054301
                8899841
                5dd387f5-5922-48d9-b87c-68a05dbb4440
                © The Author(s) 2021

                This article is made available via the PMC Open Access Subset for unrestricted re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic or until permissions are revoked in writing. Upon expiration of these permissions, PMC is granted a perpetual license to make this article available via PMC and Europe PMC, consistent with existing copyright protections.

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                Funding
                Funded by: Research and Innovation Foundation;
                Award ID: POST-DOC/0916/ 0115
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                ts19

                twitter,social media,migration,race,hashtags,covid-19
                twitter, social media, migration, race, hashtags, covid-19

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