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      The Relationship of Regional Coronary Blood Flow to Mitoehondrial Function during Reperfusion of the Ischemic Myocardium

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          Abstract

          The relationship of changes in regional coronary flow to the nature and degree of biochemical disturbances during occlusion of branches of the left anterior descending coronary artery and following reestablishment of flow was investigated in two groups of dogs: group I, moderate ischemia before reflow, and group II, severe ischemia prior to reflow. Regional coronary blood flow was determined before ligation, after 60 min of ischemia and after 15 min of reflow using labelled microspheres. Hearts made ischemic for 60 min but not reperfused served as controls. Groups I and II were distinguished by the following features. Group II showed a marked exacerbation of biochemical damage on reperfusion of the ischemic region (reduced levels of ATP, impairment of mitoehondrial oxygen consumption and mitoehondrial calcium binding). This was accompanied by significant subendocardial hyperemia. Reperfusion in group I, on the other hand, partially reversed these changes (increased level of ATP in the ischemic-reperfused region, improved mitoehondrial oxygen consumption and calcium binding). Mitoehondrial calcium uptake and oxidative phosphorylation (ADP/O ratio) were not affected in any group. These data illustrate that the degree of biochemical damage following reperfusion of the ischemic myocardium is determined by the degree of ischemia, and suggest that interference with ATP production by the mitochondria is not responsible for the damage.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1979
          1979
          31 October 2008
          : 64
          : 6
          : 350-364
          Affiliations
          Huntington Institute of Applied Medical Research, Huntington Memorial Hospital, Pasadena, Calif., and University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif.
          Article
          170633 Cardiology 1979;64:350–364
          10.1159/000170633
          509423
          © 1979 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 15
          Categories
          Original Paper

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